It is wilh pleasure that I am able lo present to the American public the translation of the Book of Jashcr, as referred to in Joshua and Second Samuel, which, after several years' negotiation witli the owner and trans- lator of the work in England, I have succeeded in obtaining. There are many books named in the Old Testament, which are now classed among the missing books, or books supposed to have been lost amidst the many revolutions which have occurred in Judea. These books are not included in the Jewish Canons, and it is questionable whether there are any missing of what were considered as emanating from inspired writers ; for, when the works enumerated in the Bible could not be found after the most diligent search, the inference was, that the names applied to other books, or that they were different versions of the same work.
Thus, the Book of the Covenant, Exodus xxiv. So it might also be said of the Book of the Law, Deut. The Book of the wars of the Lord Numbers xxi. Lightfoot, in his Chronicles, thinks that Moses refers to a book of his own compos- ing, written by command of God, Exodus xvii. We think, however, that the Book of Judges is the one referred to as the Book of the wars of the Lord ; because, in that book we have all the exploits of the Hebrews detailed at length.
The journals of the kings of Judah and Israel ; the three thousand and five songs, and a treatise on botany and annnated nature, by this learned king, are lost ; so also are the "Acts of Manasseh. Nevertheless, it would be assuming more than is required or necessary, to say that there were no other books in the time of Ezra, than those considered as divinely inspired. Austin says, " The penmen of the Sacred Scripture writ some things as they are, men with historical lore and diligence: The ne- gligence of the Jews in ancient days, and their constant transition from one country to another, occasioned many losses of the sacred writings.
The Book of Deuteronomy was lost for a long time. There were many books rejected by the Canons which are still objects of curiosity, and venerable for their antiquity. The Book of Jasher, referred to in Joshua and Second Samuel, has been long an objecfof great curiosity. Some of the Hebrew writers contend that it was the lives and acts of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, and other patriarchs, who were called Jasherim, the Just. Lightfoot thinks it is the Book of the Wars of God, and so the reader may think in perusing the various battles it recounts'. Grotius calls it a triumphal poem.
Jose- phus says, " That by this book are to be understood certain records kept in some safe place on purpose, giving an account of what happened among the Hebrews from year to year, and called Jasher, or the upright, on ac- count of the fidelity of the annals. V It is known that such have been the curiosity and anxiety to discover this missing book, that several forgeries under tiiat name have appeared from time to time ; and the Rev.
Home, in his Introduction to the Study of the Scripture, has been at some pains to collect a history of the various fabrications of Jasher; the most remarkable of vrhich was origi- nally published in England, in the year , by a person called Illivc, and purported to be a translation from a Hebrew work of that name, found in Persia by Alcuin. It was republished in Bristol in the year , and a copy is now in my possession.
It is a miserable fabrication, occupying but sixty two and a half pages, with copious notes, making out Jasher to be one of the Judges, whereas the translation of the word is the upright, or the upright record. In the same work of Dr. Home, a slight reference is made to the Book of Jasher, written in Rab- binical Hebrew, said to have been discovered in Jerusalem at its capture under Titus, and printed in Venice in This is the book now trans- lated into English for the first time.
Long prior to the destruction of Jerusalem, the Jews had established themselves in various parts of Spain and Italy ; they traded to the bay of Gibraltar, as historians aflirm, in the earliest periods of history; and Basnage mentions that in Sagunto, a town in Spain, a tombstone was discovered, bearing the following inscription in the Hebrew language: There can be no doubt that Spain, probably France and Italy, were tributary to Solomon. It is, however, certain, that the Jews carried with them into Spain, on their dispersion, an immense number of manuscripts and sacred rolls, where they remained many years, and were, in the eleventh century, placed in their great college at Cordova, and from thence were conveyed to Venice on the first discovery of printing.
The printer's Hebrew preface to Jasher shows that it was a painful transcript from a. Both editions, in J-Icbrcw, arc now in my possession ; and the Royal Asi- atic Society, liaving found a copy of Jasher in Calcutta, gave orders to have it translated, whicli order was countcrinandcd when it was ascer- tained that considerable progress had been made in England in this trans- lation. The following copy of a letter from the secretary to the trans- lator, shows the estimate which that learned Society placed upon the work.
Royal Asiatic Society House. I am extremely obliged by your having favored me with the sight of Mr. Noah's letter, and in reply to your letter, mention that the Oriental Translation Committee does not consider that it has any claims on your work, and if that ever the Rev, Mr. Adams translates the Book of Jasher, it will not be in the lapse of several years. Hoping that your praiseworthy and valuable labors in that interesting work will soon, in one shape or other, be presented to the public, I remain, Dear Sir, Your obliged and ob't Serv't, Wm.
Whatever may have been written and published by commentators, re- lative to the fabrications of Jasher, I am persuaded they had no reference to this work, although this is the work slightly touched upon by Dr. Home, as the publication in Venice, on the first discovery of printing; but of its origin and history he knew nothing beyond the rumor that it had originally been brought from Jerusalem. There are some events recorded in Jasher, that are found in thr Talmud, no doubt copied from Jasher; for although we find in tlie Talmud, the Mishnah, and Gemarrah, many parables and fanciful tales, to effect moral and religious purposes, yet evprv thing that we have in Jasher we find recorded in the Bible, with this ditfercncc, that in Jasher the occurrences of the Bible are amplified and detailed at length.
Pizron, in his Revolution of Empires, or Antiquities of Nations, says, page , " It is therefore like- ly from what I have said, that several of the Titans, in the reign of Ura- nus, or, at least, in that of Saturn, staying and fixing themselves in that part of Italy which is adjacent to the Tiber and the Appenines, were after- ward called Umbrians. If such were the case, as it seems it was, the settlement of the Titans in Italy was made about the lime of the calling of Abraham, that is, when he left Chaldea, to-go and dwell in the land of Canaan. The following is the translator's preface, and with all his admitted learning and ability, he has been unable to do justice to the beauty, gran-, deur, and alike the simplicity of the original Hebrew.
I also subjoin a translation of the Hebrew preface and a translation of the printer's pre- face, being all the documents in my possession. Without giving it to the world as a work of Divine inspiration, or as- suming the responsibility to say that it is not an inspired book, I have no hesitation in pronouncing it a work of great antiquity and interest, and a work that is entitled, even regarding it as a literary curiosity, to a great circulation among those who take pleasure in studying the Scriptures.
New York, April, The age in which we live has been, and continues to be, particularly distinguished by a laudable desire in the minds of men, to inquire into the various states of knowledge, and of the arts, as they existed in times an- terior to the Christian era ; animated with these noble and elevated views, a considerable number of individuals, greatly distinguished for their genius and learning, have in succession turned their attention to the East — to those celebrated countries, in which the arts of civilization and the lights of sci- ence first dawned upon, enlightened, and embellished human society.
The magnificent and unequalled remains of the arts in Egypt, Babylonia, Assyria, Palestine, and Persia, have, from time to time, been visited and explored ; and it has been amidst these fallen monuments of human gran- deur, that the adventurous and enlightened traveller has found himself amply rewarded for his laborious and hazardous undertakings ; for, amidst these wrecks of human greatness, he has succeeded in gathering ample evidence, in confirmation of many of the most important truths recorded in sacred history.
Profane histories have, indeed, conveyed down to us some account of these kingdoms, and of the mighty monarchs who, during a long succes- sion of ages, ruled over them ; but the events which they relate are evi- dently so mixed up with exaggeration, and so adulterated with fable, that, however celebrated their authors might have been, and however fascinating may be the style of their composition, the religious and philosophic student turns from them with dissatisfaction, to the divinely authenticated annals of the Hebrews ; because, it is from these alone that he can derive true information concerning the rise, the splendour, the decline, and the real causes of the ruin of those celebrated empires.
The ever mcmoiable events and transactions recorded in Scripture are with many others of the most interesting nature, comprehended in the Book of Jashcr ; and tliey are all arrayed in that style of simple, unadorned majesty and precision, which so peculiarly distinguishes the genius of the Hebrew language ; and this, together with other numerous internal evi- dences, it is presumed will go far to convince the Hebrew scholar that the book is, with the exception of some doubtful parts, a venerable monument of antiquity ; and that, notwithstanding some few additions may have been made to it in comparatively modern times, it still retains sufficient to prove it a copy of the book referred to in Joshua, ch, x.
There are not more than seven or eight words in the whole book that by construction can be derived from the Chaldean language. The printed Hebrew copy, in the hands of the translator, is without points. During his first perusal of it, some perplexities and doubts rose up in his mind respecting its authenticity: In this extraordinary book, the reader will meet with models of the most sublime virtue, devotion and magnanimity, that cannot fail to raise his admiration, and, at the same time, to excite a generous feeling of emula- tion to follow the glorious examples set before him.
With these preliminary observations, the translator now respectfully proceeds to lay before the readers a few remarks upon the contents of the book. XI important discovery, had reference to that fictitious book, which, through the kindness of a friend, he had previously obtained a sight of, and was soon convinced tliat the whole book was the work of sonin sceptic in England, in imitation of the language of Scripture, as it was sent forth from the press without the name of printer, bookseller, editor or pub- lisher ; and it is evident that those who were concerned in getting it up, in making Jasher the name of a Judge of Israel were ignorant of the very rudiments of the language, from which they pretended to have translated it, as it is well known, even to a tyro in the Hebrew language, that the definite article, H is never prefixed to proper names.
The important transactions which are narrated with so remarkable a brevity in the Bible, are, in Jasher, more circumstantially detailed ; as in the instance of the murder of Abel by his brother Cain, a particular ac- count is given of the disagreement which preceded it, and of the pretext which Cain sought for the commission of the crime. Jasher has it thus: According to Jasher, the art of writing appears to have been known and practised from the earliest periods ; it is stated that Oaman was informed beforehand by God, of the intended destruction of mankind by the flood, which he engraved upon tablets of stone, and preserved amongst his treasures.
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This book contains a more detailed account-of the awfot circumstances attending the commencement of the flood, and of the conduct of Noah to- ward the. A particular delineation of the life and character of Enoch is given, showing, that by his wisdom he reigned over the sons of men, continually in structing them in truth, righteousness, and a knowledge of the Most High.
Jasher informs us, that in the days of Peleg, not only the families "of the human race were separated and spread abroad, but that the earth itself was divided ; and of both these facts, it may be presumed, there are suffi- cient existing evidences, even at this day. This book gives, also, a more de- tailed account of the genealogies of the descendants of Japheth, Shem, and Ham, and rf the various parts of the earth which were colonized by them. Connected with this period of the history is given an account of Nim- rod ; in which is strikingly depicted the arbitrary and violent character of his conduct and government.
The contested point, as to whether Nimrod was the foinder of the Assyrian Empire, is here decided. Jasher lias it thus: B' '" Seir, his genealogy we do not know ;" and the word nnn is supposed to come from lin a noble ; but Jasher gives us the descent of Seir, which accounts for his being called the Horite, ifl the following words: The character of Abraham, for piety, true dignity and hospitality, ap- pears to stand unrivalled ; but the most affecting and beauulul account in this book, is-that of Abraham oflFering up his son Isaac.
The mutual affection of the father and son, and their willing devotion and obedience to the commands of their Maker, are so exquisitely described, that the heart of him who can peruse the narrative without being deeply affected, must be callous indeed. The conduct of Sarah, as connected with this unexampled and glorious event, was altogether worthy of the wife of Abraham, and the mother of Isaac.
At this time Sarah died at Kireath-arba. Her funeral is described as having been magnificent ; and it is expressly mentioned, that it was attended by Shem, the son of Noah, Eber his son, king Abimelech, together with 'Anar, Ashcol and M amre, and other great people of the land. XIII In the Bible, Sarah is the only woman whose age is given at her death ; but it may be interesting to the reader to know, that Jasher generally states the ages of all the women who are particularly mentioned in the course of the history.
From this book we learn that Noah and Abraham were contemporaries. How beautiful the contemplation of the meeting of these two Patriarchs, the one being a monument of God's mercy, and the other having the pro- mise of the favour and grace of God, not only to himself, but to his seed after him. This fact might be proved from Scripture ; but from the 32d verse in the Uth chapter of Genesis, most of the Christian commentators have erroneously dated the birth of Abraham 60 years later than it actually took place ; as it is generally stated that he was born A.
The only cause of this error has been that Abraham's departure from Haran, at the age of 75, is recorded close to the description of the death of Terah, at the age of , in Gen. Although this is the frequent manner of Scripture, to record events out of the regular order of succession, an instance of which we find in Isaac, whose death is recorded in Gen.
The history of Joseph has always been considered one of the most admirable and interesting on record. It is composed in a style of simple aad artless eloquence, which touches every feeling heart. A judicious critic has observed, that he considers it a perfect composition. This beautiful narrative might justly be entitled, the triumph of virtue and piety ; and it is presumed that few can peruse it, unmoved by sentiments of the highest admiration, mixed with the deepest feelings of sympathy.
The history of the Israelites during their sojourning in Egypt, contains an account of many interesting particulars not noticed in tlie Bible. Toward the latter end of this period, Balaam, Job, Jannes, and Jambrcs, appear to have acted their respective parts in some memorable transactions. This book clears up the reference in 2 Samuel, ch, i. If commentators upon the holy Scriptures have sought for illustrations in the works of Homer, Pliny, Herodotus, and other profane writers ; if they have anxiously caught at glimmerings among the absurdities of Pa- ganism, and the obscurities of Heathen fables, the translator humbly and respectfully hopes that they will now grant a favorable reception to evi- dence of an entirely opposite character, which is presented in the Book of Jasher.
He does not recommend it to their notice as a work of inspiration, but as a monument of history, comparatively covered with the ivy of the re- motest ages ; as a work possessing, in its language, all the characteristic simplicity of patriarchal times ; and as such, he conceives it pecuharly calculated to illustrate and confirm the sacred truths handed down to us in the Scriptures.
But in making these observations, he is far from offering it as a perfect record. In fine, it contains a history -Of the lives and memorable transactions of all the illus- trious characters recorded in sacred history, from Adam down to the time of the Elders, who immediately succeeded Joshua. When the officer saw this great sight he was greatly astonished, and said to the old man, why dost thou sit alone in this place, without any person remaining with thee? So the old man answered, for many years past was I aware of this second destruction of Jerusalem, so I built this house and made for myself a bal- cony ,j: And God caused the old man to find favor in the eyes of the officer, who brought him forth with respect with all his books, and they went from city to city and from country to country until they reached Sevilia ; and the officer found that this old man was possessed of wisdom and understand- ing and acquainted with various kinds of science, upon discovering which he raised and honored him, was constantly in his house and was taught by him all sorts of wisdom, and they built for themselves a lofty and capacious house in the suburbs of Sevilia and placed there all those books.
This house is yet in Sevilia unto this day, and they wrote there all the events that would hereafter take place amongst the kings of the world unto the coming of our Messiah. II See Jeremiah 33 3, the same e. And when we saw these books, that they were books of all wisdom, we resolved in our minds to print them like all the books that came to our hands. Now this book is the best and most valuable of all, and of this book twelve copies have reached us, and we searched in them and found them all of one copy, there was no difference, nothing added and nothing deficient, nor any alteration in letters, words or events, for they were all alike as it were of one copy.
Since, therefore, we saw in this book great merit urging us to this re- solve, we are determined to print it — and it is found written that this book is called the Book Jasher, because all its transactions are in that order as they had taken place m the world as regards priority and succession, for thou wilt not find in this book any postponement of events that were anterior, or priority of those that were posterior, but every thing is re- corded in its place and time.
Thou wilt thus find that it relates the death of such a one at the particu- lar time of the life of another and thus throughout. Owing to this it was called Sepher Hajashar, but it is customary to call it the Generations of Adam, the reason of which is that they call it by that with which it coni- mences, but the chief name thereof is the book " Jasher" owing to the reasons we have assigned. Now it is found that this book is translated into Greek, entitled " Lo lihris de los divitiis" It is also found written in the book of the A.
So they went and collected for him nine hundred and sixty five books and brought to him, when he commanded them to go again -and seek to coraplcte the number of a thousand books, and they did so. After this, some oi the persecutors of Israel stood up before him and said, O king, why wilt thou trouble thyself in this manner? XVII of the Lord to a stranger. Now when this book came to the hands of Ptolemy he read it and it pleased him greatly, and he searched therein in his wisdom, and he examined it and found therein what he had desired, and he neglected all the other books which they had collected for him, and he blessed Jiim who had advised him to this thing.
After some time the persecutors of Israel became aware of this, that the Israelites had not sent the book of the law to the king, and they came and said unto him, king, the Israelites have treated thee with con- tempt, for they did not spnd to thee the book of the law which we had mentioned to thee, but they sent lo thee another book which they had in their hands, therefore send to them thai they may forward unto thee the book of their law, for from that book tbou wilt obtain thy desire much more than from the book which they have sent to thee ; so when the king heard their words he became exceedingly wroth against the Israelites, and his anger burned within him until he sent again to them for them to for- ward to him the book of the law.
Fearing that they might still continue to scorn him, he acted prudently with them and sent to seventy of their elders and placed them in seventy houses, that each should write the book of the law, so that no alteration might be found in them, and the divine spirit rested upon them, and they wrote for him seventy books and they were all of one version, without addition or diminution. At this the king rejoiced greatly and he honored the elders, together with all the Jews, and he sent offerings and gifts to Jenisalem as it is written there.
This book is therefore in Egypt unto this day, and from that time it became circulated throughout the earth, until it readied us in our captivity this day in the city of Napuli, which is under the rule of the king of Spain. Now the uses of this book are many, all of which lead us to confidence in God, whose name be exalted, and to our adherence unto him and his ways. The third use is the explanation it gives us how the patriarchs adhered to the Lord, and of their transactions which convince us of their fear of God.
The sixth use is in the in- formation it affords us upon the subject of the wars of the sons of Jacob with the people of Shechem and the seven cities of the Amorites. This will rouse our hearts to faith in our God ; for how could ten men destroy seven cities, if their hearts tiad not been impressed with faith in the Lord?
The seventh use is, in the information it gives us of all the events that happened to Joseph in Egypt, with Potiphar and his wife and with the king of Egypt, for this will also rouse our hearts to the fear of the Lord, and to remove ourselves from all sin, so that it may be well with us in the latter end. The eighth use is in the account it furnishes us of what happened to Moses in Cush and in Midian, by which we may understand the wonders of the Lord which he performs for the- righteous, and that we may thereby adhere to him.
The ninth use is in its recording what had happened to the Israelites in Egypt, and when the commencement of their servitude took place, and how they served the Egyptians in all manner of hard work, and to what purpose all this tended — how after this God was favorable to them through their trusting in him, and there is no doubt of this that he who reads the events of Egypt from this book on the nights of the Pass- over, will receive a great reward, as our Rabbins of blessed memory say, he that is occupied in relating the exit from.
The twelfth use is, that every person lecturing in public may bring forward in his discourse, subjects from this book, which the commentators have not explained, by which means he may make an im- pression upon the hearts of his audience.
Now because we have seen the merit of this book, and the great use- fulness thereof, we have undertaken to print it without addition or diminu- tion, and from this time we have commenced to print it in a book, that such books may be in the hands of the members of our covenant, the men of our captivity in order that it may be farther circulated throughout every generation, and every city, family and country, so that they may under- stand the wonders of the Lord which he performed for our ancestors, and his bounties toward them from the days of old, and that he chose us from all nations.
The humble worm, and no man, Joseph, son to my father, the wise and highly respected in Israel, Samuel the little one, says, my witness is in heaven and my testimony is on high, the God of Gods knows, and Israel knows also, how much fatigue I have undergone, and how much trouble I have taken until I had brought to light the hidden treasures of this book ; for ever since I was driven from my land, from the metropolis of Israel, the great city of wise men and scribes, the renowned city of Pasia, ever since the Lord, through my great offences, has driven me with a violent captivity, one stumbling after the other, he weakened my strength in the way, the iron entered my soul until I reached the Italian harbor, the royal city Livorno Leghorn, which is under the sway of our Lord the most serene Grand Duke Don Ferdinand de Media Medici Qu?
Now my father, of blessed memory, found favor in his eyes, to obtain this book on loan, in order that he. Woetotheeyes that beheld this! Since then it is proper for me at present to defer the publication of my above mentioned work until I shall first have brought to light the hidden treasures of this book and to reveal them to the world, I am confident that with the help of the Lord all Israel will exult and rejoice therein.
I have therefore put my trust in the Lord, may he remember me favor- ably, that I may be enabled in the next year by his help and decree to publish also my afore mentioned work. As for me, my prayer is to him who dwells on high, may the Lord God assist me, and send me from on high his peace, favor, and faithfulness to help me, that he may lead me beside the still waters, and conduct me to the paths of righteousness for the sake of his great name, and for the sake of his law. Amen for ever and ever. Birth of Cain and Abel. Abel a Keeper of Sheep.
Cain a Tiller of the Soil. The Quarrel Between the Brothers and the Result. People begin to Multiply and Becbme Idolatrous. Third Part of the Earth Destroyed. Earth cursed and becomes corrupt through the Wickedness of Men. Noah Builds the Ark. Noah and his Sons, and their Wives are Shut in. The Birth of Abram. The Wickedness of Nimrod and his People. The confusion of Tongues. The Idolatry of Terah, Abram's Father. Makes a pretext to destroy them. After making Savory Meat for the gods, Abram takes a Hatchet and destroys them, leaving the Hatchet in the hands of the larger one, where it is discovered by his Father, who is told by Abram that the Great God had risen up in anger and Destroyed his Fellows.
As Haran's heart was not right before the Lord, he perished, but Abram is Delivered, and is brought forth Alive. In Presented with Many Gifts. Abram, com- manded of the Lord, talces his Wife and all belonging to him and goes to the Land of Canaan, where the Lord again appears to him and Promises the Land of Canaan as an Everlasting Inheritance.
Teaches many to Walk in the Ways of the Lord. Again commanded to go to Canaan, where he Builds an Altar. The Lord renews his Covenant with him. Tells the Peo- ple that Sarah is his Sister, on account nf her Beauty. Pharaoh Desires to take her, but is Prevented by an Angel of the Lord. Abram returns to his Home. Trouble be- tween Lot and Abram on account of Lot's cattle. Lot Removes to Sodom. Abram gives Tithes of all he had taken to Adonizedek, and is Blesser" of Him.
The Lord again appears to Abram and promises to bless him with a Numberless Posterity. Sarah being childless gives Hagar to Abram for a Wife, and becoming jealous of her, afflicts her. An Angel comforts Hagar. Sarah is promised a Son. Two Angels sent to Save Lot. Abimelech the King desires her for a Wife. An Angel warns him, and commands him to return her to her Husband. The whole land affliflei on account of the matter.
Ishmael is blessed with Riches and Posterity. Abraham Returns to Canaan and makes his Home in Beersheba, where he Hospitably Enter- tains all strangers and teaches them the way of the Lord. Isaac and Ishmael's conversation. The Offering of Isaac Foretold. Satan's opinion of the Father of the Faithful. Sarah's Affliflion, What Happened on the Way. Satan attempts to hinder them. Isaac an Acceptable Offering. Father and Son alone. The willing- ness of Isaac. He Assists his Father in Building the Altar. While they both weep bitterly, they yet Rejoice to be counted worthy before the Lord.
Isaac bound and placed upon the Altar. The Angels of God intercede for Isaac, who is released at the command of the Lord, and a Ram is offered in bis place, Satan, by hla decep- tion and Evils, causes the Death of Sarah. Eliezer is sent to get a Wife for Isaac. Hoes to the House of Bethuel and brings Rebecca. The Gen- erations of the Sons of Keturah, and of Ishmacl. Their Prayers answered, and Esau and Jacob are Born. All the People and even the children monrn for Abraham for a Full Year. Returns Home weary from the Fight, and sells his Birthright for Value.
Esau marries a Canaanilish Woman. Jacob fearing his Broth- er's anger, flees to the House of Eber, where he remains for Fourteen Years. Esau again marries a Woman of the Land. Jacob returns to his Father, but being still threatened by Esau, is advised by his Mother to go to her Brother Laban, in Haran. Jacob Obeys and goes from Laban. Rachel Steals her Father's gods, that he may not know where Jacob has fled.
Laban Pursues him, but establishes a covenant of peace.http://derivid.route1.com/el-lagarto-en-la-roca.php
The Book of Jasher
Hosts of Angels cause the Fear of Jacob to come upon Esau, and he goes to meet him in peace, in answer to Jacob's Prayer. Jacob Wrestles with an Angel of the Lord. Prince Shechem defiles Dinah the Daughter of Jacob. Shechem desires her for a Wife. The People of Canaan conspire to avenge the cause of Shechem. Isaac and Jacob Pray for Succor. The Generations of Jacob and Esau. The Kings of Canaan again assemble against Jacob. Chaptkrs 38 and They conspire against him, and at the Suggestion of Reuben Place him in a Pit.
Jacob's Anguish at the loss of his Son, Chapter Is Falsely Accused by her and is brought to Judgment. His Property is Divided. Joseph is Brought before the King, who Relates his Dreams to him. Joseph, by the Gilt of God, Interprets them. A great Famine Predicted.
When brought before the King, Joseph's Wisdom and Knowledge please Pharaoh and all the Princes of Egypt, and he is appointed the Second to the King, and all authority is given him. Joseph is made Wealthy and clothed in Princely apparel and proclaimed Governor of Egypt. Is given the Daughter of Potiphar for a Wife. Great Plenty prevails in Egypt as Joseph predicted.
That stored by the Egyptians is spoiled. The Famine prevails over all the Land and Joseph sells corn to all the Egyptians and the surrounding Nations. Knowing that his Brethren will have to come to Egypt for Corn, he arranges tu meet them when they come. Tells them not to enter in at one gate but to go in Separately. On the way they Covenant together to seek for Joseph, and if they cannot ransom him they resolve to take him by force. They enter in at ten gates, and spread themselves to seek for Joseph three days.
Joseph, in the meantime, has his men seeking them. When found they are brought before Joseph who accuses them of being Spies. Joseph sends his Bretliren home with corn, while Simeon is kept as a hostage till they shall again come to Egypt with their Younger Brother, They are astonished to find their Money in their sacks of corn. But when he and his Household become pinched with hunger, Judah pleads for Benjamin Tells his Father of the great glory and Authority of the Governor of Egypt and offers himself as Security for his Younger Brother.
Jacob consents and sends his Sons again to Egypt with. Jacob gave the record to his sons to give into the care of the king of Egypt. The Sacri- fices and Offerings. The Passover is Celebrated. The People lust for Flesh to eat. Moses sends Twelve Men to explore the Land of Canaan. The Edomites will not let Israel pass through their Land. But the Sons of Levi compel them to Return.
They prevail over their Enemies. They must not touch Ammon. Og, King of Bashan. Balaam is called upon to curse Israel, but will not. Israel commits Whoredom with the Moabites, and they are Smitten with Pestilence. The Midianites are destroyed, and their Spoil is Divided among the People.
The Book of Jasher
The Lord encourages Joshua. Moses teaches the children of Israel to Walk in the Way of the Lord. He goes up to Mount Abarim and dies there. Jericho is Besieged, Taken, and Destroyed.
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- Catalog Record: Sefer ha-yashar, or, The book of Jasher | Hathi Trust Digital Library.
Achan brings evil upon the camp by Purloining the cursed thing, and Brings Destruction upon Himself. Ai is taken and Destroyed. The Gibeonites cunningly save themselves. Five Kings rise up against Israel and are destroyed. The Sun and Moon stand still at Joshua's Command. The Wars of Israel. The Land is Divided, and the people have Rest.
They drive out all the Canaanites and Inherit the Promised Land. Vnuertityof New Ywk,Aprii, 10, I have compared a luge portion of the translation of the Book of Jaeher vrith the oiiginal Hebrew, and find it faithfiilly and eloquently rendered into English. The Hebrew itself ia of a very pure character. The Hebrew is very pirnly vritten, aud the translator ia an eminent scholar and has done it ample justice.
Theological Seminarij, Chelsea Square, N. In some instances however, it would have been desirable that every word of the Hebrew should have been rendered into English. For instance, in ch. The points referred to, are, on the whole, unimportant, and do not detract from the generat accu- racy of the translation. I am respectfully, Your obt. New York, April 30, '. Gentlemen, I have examined portioius of several chapters of the " Book of Jasher" in the original, carefully comparing with it the translation put into my hands by the publishers.
The work itself is evidently composed in ttie purest Rabbinical He- brew, with a largo intermixture of the Biblical idiom, and I consider the trans- lation as a wlioli! In a few instances I have noticed slight verbal variations from the ori- jjinal, similar to those adverted to by Prof. Turner, as in one case " choice of our sppulchrry for " choice of our luTtd ;'' but they are of too little moment to de- trai-i.
And God said Icl us make man in our image, after our likeness, and God created man in his own image. And God formed man from the ground, and he blew into his nostrils the brcnlh of life, and man became a living soul endowed with speecli. And the Lord said it is not good for man to be alone ; I will make unto him a helpmate. And the Lord caused a deep sleep to fall upon Adam, and he slept, and he took away one of his ribs, and he built flesh upon it and form- ed it and brougiit it to Adam, and Adam awoke from his sleep, and be- hold a woman was standing before him.
And he said, this is a bone of my bones and it shall be called woman, for this has been taken from man ; and Adam called her name Eve, for she was the mother cf all living. And God blessed them and called their names Adam and Eve in the day that he created them, and the Lord God said, be fruitfid and multiply and fill the earth. And when Gbd had blessed and commanded them he went from them, and Adam and his wife dwelt in the garden according to the com- mand which the Lord had command- ed them.
And the serpent, which God had created with them in the parth, I came to ihcm to incite them to trans- gress the command of God which lie ; iiad commanded them. And Adam and his wife. And she called the name of the first born Cain, saying, I have obtained a man from the Lord, and I he name of the other she called Abel, for she said, in vanity we came into tlic earth and in vanity we shall be taken from it. And the boys grew up and their father gave them a possession in the land ; and Cain was a tiller of the ground, and Abel a keeper of sheep.
And it was at the expiration of a few years, that they brought an approximating offering to the Lord, and Cain brought from the fruit of the ground, and Abel brought from the firstlings of his flock from the fat tlicreof, and God turned and inclined to Abel and his offering, and a fire came down from the Lord from heaven and consumed it. And unto Cain and his offer- ing tiie Lord did not turn, and he did not incline to it, for he bad brought from the inferior fruit of the ground before the Lord, and Cain was jealous against his brother Abel on account of thi.
Aad Cain approached his bro- ther Abel in anger, and he said unto him, what is there between me and Xhee that thou comest to dwell and bring thyjlock to feed in my land? And Abel answered his bro- ther Cain and safd unto him, what is there between me and thee, that thou shall cat the flesh of my flock and clothe thyself with their wool? And naw therefore, put off the wool of my sheep with which thou hast clothed thyself, and recom- pense me for their fruit and flesh which thou hast eaten, and when thou shall have done thisj I will then go from thy land as thou hast said?
And Cain said to his brother' Abel, surely if I slay thee this day, who will require thy blood from me? And Abel answered Cain, saying, surely God who has made us in the earth, he will avenge my cause, and he will require my blood from thee shouldst thou slay me, for the Lord is the judge and arbiter, and it is he who will requite man according to his evil, and the wicked man ac- cording to the wickedness that he may do upon earth.
And now, if thou shouldst slay me here, surely God knoweth thy secret views, and will judge thee for the evil which thou didst declare to do unto me this day. And Cain hastened and rose up, and took the iron part of his ploughing instrument, with which he suddenly smote his brother and he slew him, and Cain spilt the blood of his brother Abel upon the earth, and the blood of Abel streamed upon the earth before the flock.
And after this Cain repented having slain his brother, and he was sadly grieved, and he wept over him and it vexed him exceedingly. And Cain rose up and dug a hole in the field, wherein he put his brother's body, and he turned the dust over. And the Lord knew what Cain had. And Cain dissembled, and said, I do not know, am I my bro- ther's keeper? And the Lord said unto him, what hast thou done? The voice of thy brother's blood crieth unto me from the ground where thou hast slain him.
But thou didst this thing and didst slay thy brother for naught and because he spoke rightly to thee, and now, therefore, cursed be thou from the ground which opened its mouth to receive thy brother's blood from thy hand, and wherein thou didst bury him. And at that time Cain went out from the presence of the Lord from the place where he was, and he went moving andt wandering in the land towards the east of Eden, he and all belonging to him.
And Cain knew his wife in those days, and she conceived and bare a son, and he called his name Enoch, saying, in that time the Lord began to give him rest and quiet in the earth. And at that time Cain also be- gan to build a city: And it was in the days of Enosh tliat the sons of men continued to rebel and transgress against God, to iiicreasc the anger of the Lord against the sons of men. And the sons of men went and ihey served other Gods, and they i'orgot the Lord who had created ihem in the earth: And every man made his God and they bowed down to them, and the sons of men forsook the Lord all the days of Enosh and his children ; and the anger of the Lord was kin- dled on account of their works and abominations which they did in the earth.
And in those days there was neither sowing nor reaping in the earth ; and there was no food for the sons of men and the famine was very great in those days. And the seed which they sowed in those days in the ground became thorns, thistles and briers ; for from the days of Adam was this declara- tion concernmg the earth, of the curse of God, which he cursed the earth, on account of the sin which Adam sinned before the Lord.
And it was when men conti- nued to rebel and transgress against God, and to corrupt their ways, that the earth also became corrupt. And Enosh lived ninety years and he begat Cainan ; And Cainan grew up and he was forty years old, and he became wise and had knowledge and skill in all wisdom, and he reigned over all the sons of men, and he led the sons of men to wisdom and knowledge ; for Cainan was a very wise man and had understanding in all wisdom, and with his wisdom he ruled over spirits and daemons ; 1 2.
And Cainan knew by his wis- dom that God would destroy the sons of men for having sinned upon earth, and that the Lord would in the lat- ter days bring upon them the waters of the flood. And in those days Cainan wrote upon tablets of. And Cainan reigned over the whole earth, and he turned some of the sons of men to the service of God. And when Cainan was sev- enty years old, he begat three sons and two daughters. And these are the names of the children of Cainan ; the name of the first born Mahlallel, the second Enan, and the third Mered, and their sisters were Adah and Zillah ; these are the five children of Cainan that were born to Jiim.
And she again conceived and bare a son, and called his name Ju- bal ; and Zillah, her sister, was bar- ren in those days and had no off- spring. For in those days the sons of men began to trespass against God, and to transgress the commandments which he had commanded to Adam, to be fruitful and multiply in the earth. And some of the sons of men caused their wives to drink a draught that would render them barren, in order that they might retain their figures and whereby their beautiful appearance might not fade. And when the sons of men caused some of their wives to drink, Zillah drank with them.
And the child-bearing women appeared abominable in the sight of their husbands, as widows, whilst, their husbands lived, for to the bar- ren ones only they were attached. And in the end of days and years, when Zillah became old, the Lord "opened her womb. And she conceived and bare a son and she called his name Tubal Cain, saying, after I had withered away have I obtained him from the Almighty God.
And she cqpceivcd again and bare a daughter, and she called her name Naamah, for she said, after I had withered away have I obtained pleasure and delight. And Tubal Cain told his fa- ther to draw his bow, and with the arrows he smote Cain, who was yet far off, and he slew him, for he ap- peared to them to be an animal.
And the arrows entered Cain's body although he was distant from them, and he fell to the ground and died. And the Lord requited Cain's evil according to his wickedness, which he iiad done to his brother Abel, according to the word of the Lord which he had spoken. And it came to pass when Cain had died, that Lamech and Tu- bal went to see the animal which they had slain, and they saw, and be- holci Cain their grandfather was fal- len dead upon the earth. And the wives of Lamtch heard what Lamech had done, and they sought to kill him. And the wives of Lamech ha- ted him from that day, because he slew Cain and Tubal Cain, and the wives of Lamech separated from him, and would not hearken to him in those days.
And Lamech came to his wives, and he pressed them to listen to him about this matter. And he said to his wives Adah and Zillah, hear my voice O wives of Lamech, attend to my words, fur now you have imagined and said that I slew a man with my woinids, and a child with my stripes for their having done no violence, but surely know that I am old and greyheaded, and that my eyes are heavy through age, and I did this thing unknowingly.
And the wives of Lamech listened to him in this matter, and they returned to him wilh the advice of their futlicr Adam, but they bore no children to him from that time, knowing that God's anger was in- creasing in those days against the sons of men, to destroy them with the waters of the flood fur their evil doings. And Mahlallel the son of Cai- nan lived sixty five years and he be gat Jered ; and Jered lived si.
And Enoch lived si. And the soul of Enoch was wrapped up in the instruction of the Lord, in knowledge and in under- standing ; and he wisely retired from the sons of men, and secreted him- self from them for many days.
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And it was at the expiration of many years, whilst he was serving the Lord, and praying before him in his house, that an angel of the Lord called to him from Heaven, and he said, heic am I. And he said, ;ise, go foirth from thy house and from the place where thou dost hide thyself, and affpear to the sons of men, in order that thou mayst teach them the way in which they should go, and the work which they must accomplish to enter in the ways of God.
And Enoch rose up according to the word of the Lord, and went forth from his house, from his place and from the chamber in which he. And he ordered it to be pro- claimed in all places ivhere the sons of men dvyelt, saying, where is the man who wishes to know the ways of the Lord and good works? And the spirit of God was upon Enoch, and he taught all his men the wisdom of God and his Avays, and the sons of men served the Lord all the days of Enoch, and they came to hear his wisdom. Details are provided in answer to questions such as: When the floods came in Noah's day, why weren't the people who were shut out of the ark able to gain entrance into the ark?
How was Noah able to gather the animals and how did he determine which animals to take on the ark? If Abraham's father worshipped idols, how was Abraham taught of God's ways to become such a righteous prophet? What was the final straw causing Abraham's father to seek his death?
And many other questions are answered. I would highly recommend this book. I bought this under the assumption that it would be the translation made by Flaccus Albinus Alcuin. I'm talking about the version they called Pseudo-Jasher. The "radical" "anti-religious" version that got the printer, John Ilive, sent to jail. The version with the commendation from the reformation Bible translator, John Wycliffe whose corpse was desecrated on the order of the High Church , the version praised and republished by the Rosicrucian order, the version that says Jethro was the "Lord of the Mountain" and that Miriam was just as popular as Moses.
The version that they left out of the bible because it would change our whole perspective of what our "religion" is based on and who the God of the old testament really was. That genuine version they call Pseudo-Jasher, is the reason this actual fraud published by J. Parry and Company, exists. Notice that the J. That's the real fraud. Yeah, not genuine, but written by some Kabbalist Jew of the 11th century, then it just goes down the bunnyhole of deceit and enveigled origins from there.
Then the lies and incorporation into other things began But, not clever enough to fool all and sundry. That one, I fear, is forever lost to us, as so many others have been. Thank the Alexandrian Library fire, I guess. Use caution when reading. I purchased this book just for another book to compare with the scriptures and I find it interesting.
However, when reading this keep in mind the authorship is questionable and that the Original Book Of Jasher that is referred to in the Bible is a lost book along with the other lost books of the bible: Many original writings were lost as well. I read other comments saying this should have been included in the Bible: No, it should not as the original book was lost, which puts into question the reliability of this translation.
It is a book of Jewish legends from the creation to the conquest of Canaan under Joshua, but scholars hold that it did not exist before A. Gives you historic biblical details that are Gives you historic biblical details that are missing from the Bible.
Related The Book of Jasher or Sefer ha-Yashar, Translated from the Original Hebrew to English
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