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Five hundred years ago at a remote temple in Guatemala, sacrificial blood was spilled during cutting ceremonies using razor-sharp obsidian arrowheads. Archaeologists say this ritual was done to feed After years of scrutiny, they have finally It was one of the regional capitals during the Maya Late Classical period and is considered today to be one of the most Did the longstanding mystery of what caused the downfall of the Maya - of one of the ancient world's great civilizations — just get solved? Nothing is mightier than an empire at its peak. Although Jewish people usually, but not always, share a common gene pool, they are not a race because any non-Jew who converts to Judaism will be recognized as being Jewish by all those rabbis who share a commitment to the same denomination of Judaism as the rabbi who did the conversion.
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How old is the Tarot? This is a question that seems easy to answer today. As playing cards, we can confidently map the Tarot to the early 15th century. The Secrets of the Kabbalists Garden. Two Sides to Every Story: He claimed the Putun were very wealthy. It has been shown that they traded salt, cocoa, waistcloths, tobacco, jade, and gold. Wiener, the Chontal Maya dominated trade from Mesoamerica all the way up to Canada.
Wiener claimed that the Chontal included Arabic and Mande speaking merchants. This view is supported by A. The Chontal Maya originated along the coast of Tabasco. The Putun claimed that they were descendants of the Olmecs or Xi people. Because of their control of trade, numerous non-Olmecs, like the Maya and Zoque-Mixe speakers, immigrated to Putun trading post. These trading posts eventually evolved into cities situated along the Mexican coast. Colossal st one head of the Olmecs. The Putun established numerous trading posts in the United States on their way to Canada.
This is supported by the discovery of Itza Maya, Yucatec Maya, and Totonac words present in Putun and in the Creek language which was formerly spoken in the Carolinas and Florida. In addition to Putun words in Creek, archaeologists have found attapulgite mined in Georgia that matched Maya Blue stucco, artifacts, horseshoe shaped ball courts, and earthen mounds like those found in contemporary Chontalpa in the Swift Creek Culture of the Southeastern United States.
The Putun boats were made of wooden planks.
These seaworthy ships sailed along the rivers of Mexico and up the coast all the way to Canada. The Putun canoes were usually hollowed out from trees. The ships were steered by rudders.
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On the deck, the Putun placed a cabin. The ships were propelled by oarsmen and sails. The ships built for long distance trade were usually 60 feet Wiener used linguistics, historical evidence, and the research of Quatrefages to claim the Chontal were Blacks. The Putun waistcloth was called maxtli. Wiener illustrated that maxtli is cognate to the Malinke-Bambara for adornment: Wiener also found a relationship between the Nahuatl term for merchant and words in Mande languages. In Soninke Mande languages, we find the term folom rich man, merchant ; which Wiener said corresponded to the Maya term polon merchant.
The merchant god signified by a spear, backpack, and staff was called Ekchuah.http://whatdaddydid.com/includes/3m-privacy/toxe-imovie-app-review.php
Douglas T. Peck (Author of Ponce de Leon and the Discovery of Florida)
This was also the god of husbandmen and travelers. Thus, we see Blacks represented in many Maya codices as gods and merchants. Wiener noted, the trader gods and merchants of the Maya were usually depicted as Blacks with large noses and thick lips. There were many Maya people depicted in their documents that support this belief. It is interesting to note that the boys doing the drilling are depicted as Blacks in the Dresden and Tro-Cotesianus Codices.
Maya Codex also known as Tro-Cortesianus. As a result, the color Black and Black individuals were recognized as important in Maya culture. God C is a personification of the concept of sacredness. A comparison of Maya, English, and Mande terms related to the god of sacredness. We see the jaguar pelt around the neck of the Black royal represented in the Chama vase. The Putun dignitary on the Chama vase was named Jaguar Ahau. Representation of the Chontal dignitary on the Chama vase named Jaguar Ahau.
Most researchers agree that their trade dominance ended when the Spanish introduced European diseases that decimated them and other indigenous Mexicans.
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As a result, the Spanish eventually became the dominate trading group in Mexico. A Chontal Maya sea craft. Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. Introduction a L'Etudes des Races Humaines. Shatto, Rahilla Corinne Abbas. Clyde Winters, Olmec Language and Literature. Winters is the author of numerous articles on anthropology, archeogenetics and linguistics.
The Chontal and Their Origins
His articles have appeared in the Journal Register to become part of our active community, get updates, receive a monthly newsletter, and enjoy the benefits and rewards of our member point system OR just post your comment below as a Guest. By bringing together top experts and authors, this archaeology website explores lost civilizations, examines sacred writings, tours ancient places, investigates ancient discoveries and questions mysterious happenings.
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Related Origin and Diffusion of Maya Civilization: The Olmec-Chontal-Itzá-Centric Theory
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