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While nuclear arms control treaties with the United States would imply a reduction of the Russian nuclear arsenal to free up resources to deal with new security threats that can only be dealt with by conventional forces, the Russians are concerned with preserving a strategic nuclear force enabling them to maintain superiority over regional nuclear rivals, especially China.
Orr attributes the failures of reform of the Russian ground forces to the influence of Soviet era mindsets.
Another major difficulty which Russian ground forces face are the declining quality of conscripts and recruits, morale difficulties, and what continues to be endemic corruption among officers, all of which have impeded professionalization of the ground forces.
The sense of drift in the incorporation of the Russian Navy into the overarching post-Soviet grand strategy was compounded by the inability of the Russian Navy to provide direct support for the wars in Chechnia and other low-intensity conflict operations.
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Russian threat perception in the Fall of crystallizatied a change in the succession of Russian threat perception paradigms. Kipp briefly traces in a genealogy of paradigms from the perception of the West NATO expansion of US superiority as the primary threat to Russian security, to an emphasis on the war on terror and the mix of national and internal security threats. McDermott stresses the urgent need for a comprehensive modernization of Russian armed forces.
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Russia has, unlike the United States, not yet begun on a comprehensive military reconfiguration to adjust to the new low-intensity conflict environment, despite having more direct experience with this form of conflict. McDermott points to the difficulties of developing comprehensive reform in an era of low morale and resource limitations.
One of the more interesting points of the chapter is the importance of continued strong demand and prices for oil for the future success of Russian economic growth, and by implication the creation of additional resources which might make the Russian armed forces more amenable to systematic reform,.
Russian Military Reform, 1992-2002 (Soviet (Russian) by Anne C. Aldis,Roger N. McDermott PDF
It appears that in the intervening year and a half since the chapter was written the strength of oil markets may give the Russian economy an extra boost and perhaps give the prospects for reform more breathing space. Donnelly distills the necessary reforms of the Russian armed forces into five points: A critical point for not only the Russian armed forces, but on which the military, intelligence, and law enforcement apparatus of either states, need to learn. This text is under a Creative Commons license: Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 2.
Russian Military Reform, Anne Aldis , Roger N. Military reform has featured prominently on the agenda of many countries since the end of the Cold War necessitated a re-evaluation of the strategic role of the armed forces, and nowhere more publicly than in Russia. Not since the s have the Russian Armed Forces undergone such fundamental change.
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President Boris Yeltsin and his successor Vladimir Putin have both grappled with the issue, with varying degrees of success. An international team of experts here consider the essential features of Russian military reform in the decade since the disintegration of the USSR. Fluctuations in the purpose and priorities of the reform process are traced, as well as the many factors influencing change.
Chapters analyse the development of Russia's security policy, structural reform of the services, the social impact of military service and experience of military conflict in Chechnya. Critical evaluations of the impact of social change on the Russian Armed Forces' capabilities and expectations complement the analysis of the on-going debate.
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