The academic study of salvation is called soteriology. In religion , salvation is the saving of the soul from sin and its consequences. Religions often emphasize the necessity of both personal effort—for example, repentance and asceticism —and divine action e. In contemporary Judaism , redemption Hebrew ge'ulah , refers to God redeeming the people of Israel from their various exiles.
Judaism holds that adherents do not need personal salvation as Christians believe. Jews do not subscribe to the doctrine of original sin.
In Judaism, salvation is closely related to the idea of redemption , a saving from the states or circumstances that destroy the value of human existence. God, as the universal spirit and Creator of the World, is the source of all salvation for humanity, provided an individual honours God by observing his precepts. So redemption or salvation depends on the individual.
Judaism stresses that salvation cannot be obtained through anyone else or by just invoking a deity or believing in any outside power or influence. The Jewish concept of Messiah visualises the return of the prophet Elijah as the harbinger of one who will redeem the world from war and suffering, leading mankind to universal brotherhood under the fatherhood of one God. The Messiah is not considered as a future divine or supernatural being but as a dominating human influence in an age of universal peace, characterised by the spiritual regeneration of humanity.
In Judaism, salvation is open to all people and not limited to those of the Jewish faith; the only important consideration being that the people must observe and practise the ethical pattern of behaviour as summarised in the Ten Commandments. When Jews refer to themselves as the chosen people of God, they do not imply they have been chosen for special favours and privileges but rather they have taken it upon themselves to show to all peoples by precept and example the ethical way of life.
When examining Jewish intellectual sources throughout history, there is clearly a spectrum of opinions regarding death versus the afterlife. Possibly an over-simplification, one source says salvation can be achieved in the following manner: Live a holy and righteous life dedicated to Yahweh , the God of Creation. Fast, worship, and celebrate during the appropriate holidays. The first reference to resurrection is collective in Ezekiel 's vision of the dry bones, when all the Israelites in exile will be resurrected.
Before that time, the individual had to be content that his posterity continued within the holy nation. The salvation of the individual Jew was connected to the salvation of the entire people. This belief stemmed directly from the teachings of the Torah. In the Torah, God taught his people sanctification of the individual.gfghoboken.myerp.work/build/2019-10-18/286.php
Salvation - Wikipedia
However, he also expected them to function together spiritually and be accountable to one another. The concept of salvation was tied to that of restoration for Israel. During the Second Temple Period, the Sadducees, High Priests, denied any particular existence of individuals after death because it wasn't written in the Torah, while the Pharisees, ancestors of the rabbis, affirmed both bodily resurrection and immortality of the soul, most likely based on the influence of Hellenistic ideas about body and soul and the Pharisaic belief in the Oral Torah.
The Pharisees maintained that after death, the soul is connected to God until the messianic era when it is rejoined with the body in the land of Israel at the time of resurrection. This plan was conceived by God consequent on the Fall of Adam, the progenitor of the human race, and it would be completed at the Last Judgment , when the Second Coming of Christ would mark the catastrophic end of the world.
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For Christianity, salvation is only possible through Jesus Christ. Christians believe that Jesus' death on the cross was the once-for-all sacrifice that atoned for the sin of humanity. The Christian religion, though not the exclusive possessor of the idea of redemption, has given to it a special definiteness and a dominant position.
Taken in its widest sense, as deliverance from dangers and ills in general, most religions teach some form of it. It assumes an important position, however, only when the ills in question form part of a great system against which human power is helpless. According to Christian belief, sin as the human predicament is considered to be universal. Salvation is made possible by the life, death, and resurrection of Jesus , which in the context of salvation is referred to as the " atonement ".
While some of the differences are as widespread as Christianity itself, the overwhelming majority agrees that salvation is made possible by the work of Jesus Christ, the Son of God , dying on the cross. Christian faith is faith in the God of salvation revealed in Jesus of Nazareth.
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The Christian tradition has always equated this salvation with the transcendent, eschatological fulfillment of human existence in a life freed from sin, finitude, and mortality and united with the triune God. This is perhaps the non-negotiable item of Christian faith. What has been a matter of debate is the relation between salvation and our activities in the world. The story is set against the background of the history of God's people and reaches its climax in the person and work of Christ. The Old Testament part of the story shows that people are sinners by nature, and describes a series of covenants by which God sets people free and makes promises to them.
His plan includes the promise of blessing for all nations through Abraham and the redemption of Israel from every form of bondage. God showed his saving power throughout Israel's history, but he also spoke about a Messianic figure who would save all people from the power, guilt, and penalty of sin.
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This role was fulfilled by Jesus, who will ultimately destroy all the devil's work, including suffering, pain, and death. Variant views on salvation are among the main fault lines dividing the various Christian denominations , both between Roman Catholicism and Protestantism and within Protestantism, notably in the Calvinist—Arminian debate , and the fault lines include conflicting definitions of depravity , predestination , atonement , but most pointedly justification.
Salvation is believed to be a process that begins when a person first becomes a Christian, continues through that person's life, and is completed when they stand before Christ in judgment. You can cancel anytime during the trial period. To manage your subscription, visit your Bible Gateway account settings.
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Holman Christian Standard Bible because the Spirit's law of life in Christ Jesus has set you free from the law of sin and of death. New American Standard For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus has set you free from the law of sin and of death. Jubilee Bible For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ, Jesus, has made me free from the law of sin and death.
King James Bible For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus has made me free from the law of sin and death. American Standard Version For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus made me free from the law of sin and of death. Douay-Rheims Bible For the law of the spirit of life, in Christ Jesus, hath delivered me from the law of sin and of death. Darby Bible Translation For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus has set me free from the law of sin and of death.
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