Jesus His Life And Works

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The Sources of Information About Jesus' Life and Ministry

Roman soldiers beat him, put a crown of thorns on his head, and mocked him as a false king. Then they took him to the hill Golgotha "the Skull" , or Calvary, and killed him. Pilate ordered a sign placed above his head: On Sunday morning now celebrated as Easter , the Gospels report, Jesus rose from the dead and met his disciples. Others immediately rejected the claim of the resurrection, and the debate has continued through the centuries. The New Testament states very clearly that the risen Christ did not appear to everybody.

Among those who saw Jesus were Cephas Peter , the twelve disciples, "more than five hundred brethren at one time," James, and finally Paul. Other records tell of appearances to Mary Magdalene and other women and of a variety of meetings with the disciples. The four Gospels all say that the tomb of Jesus was empty on Easter morning. None of the records ever tells of an appearance of the risen Christ to anyone who had not been a follower of Jesus or like Paul had not been deeply disturbed by him.

The evidence is very clear that the followers of Jesus were absolutely convinced of his resurrection. The experience of the risen Jesus was so overwhelming that it turned their despair into courage. The disciples spread the conviction that he had risen, and they continued to tell their story at the cost of persecution and death. The faith in the resurrection and later the rising up to the kingdom of God of Jesus, despite differences in interpretation and detail, is a major reason for the rise and spread of the Christian faith.

Galilean ministry Returning from the desert, Jesus began preaching and teaching in Galilee. The miracles The records concerning Jesus report many miracles an event that goes against the laws of nature and has suggested divine influence. Teachings of Jesus Jesus taught people in small groups or large gatherings; his lessons are reported in friendly conversations or in arguments with those who challenged him. Passion week On the day now known as Palm Sunday, Jesus entered Jerusalem, while his disciples and the crowds hailed him as the Son of David, who came in the name of the Lord.

The Resurrection On Sunday morning now celebrated as Easter , the Gospels report, Jesus rose from the dead and met his disciples. They both preach to LOVE your enemies and not to worry about gaining earthly material wealth. It was only in the centuries after their founders died, that different holidays and customs came into being. Epicenter near Glen Canyon Park. Mormon's, get it straight, Pilate and the Romans did not want to put Jesus to death!

As you said, He posed no threat to them, unlike Hollywood movies made by Jew's, they wanted Him dead! Who knows, they may have cursed there own race, they have been scorned over the centuries, more than others! Comment about this article, ask questions, or add new information about this topic: Show my email publicly.

Life of Jesus in the New Testament

They sent their disciples to him along with the Herodians. You aren't swayed by men, because you pay no attention to who they are. Tell us then, what is your opinion? Is it right to pay taxes to Caesar or not? But Jesus, knowing their evil intent, said, "You hypocrites, why are you trying to trap me?

Show me the coin used for paying the tax. When they heard this, they were amazed. So they left him and went away. The opponents of Jesus had to be careful in trying to silence him. They knew that Jesus was popular, so they tried to find ways to trap him without angering the people.

In this example from the book of Matthew, the opponents came up with a ploy that backfired:. Jesus entered the temple courts, and, while he was teaching, the chief priests and the elders of the people came to him. Jesus replied, "I will also ask you one question. If you answer me, I will tell you by what authority I am doing these things. John's baptism-where did it come from? Was it from heaven, or from men? They discussed it among themselves and said, "If we say, 'From heaven,' he will ask, 'Then why didn't you believe him? Then he said, "Neither will I tell you by what authority I am doing these things.

Jesus sat down opposite the place where the offerings were put and watched the crowd putting their money into the temple treasury. Many rich people threw in large amounts. But a poor widow came and put in two very small copper coins, worth only a fraction of a penny. Calling his disciples to him, Jesus said, "I tell you the truth, this poor widow has put more into the treasury than all the others.

They all gave out of their wealth; but she, out of her poverty, put in everything--all she had to live on. The book of Matthew shows another example of how some of Jerusalem's religious leaders tried to test Jesus:. Hearing that Jesus had silenced the Sadducees, the Pharisees got together. One of them, an expert in the law, tested him with this question:. And the second is like it: Jesus was able to summarize the Law, which is the first five books of the Old Testament, into a few sentences. This page explains a few of the events during the persecution and crucifixion of Jesus.

Jesus was falsely accused of being an anti-government rebel and was crucified and killed. His persecution fulfilled many Bible prophecies that had been written hundreds of years beforehand. A few days before the Passover, Jesus again predicted his death. He told his disciples that he would be handed over to be crucified. At about this time, the chief priests and other community leaders plotted to have Jesus arrested so they could kill Him. They conspired with Judas, one of Jesus' 12 Apostles, and paid him 30 pieces of silver to look for an opportunity to betray Jesus.

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During the Passover celebration, Jesus gathered with his apostles. He knew that this would be the final meal that he would share with his apostles before his crucifixion. It was at this time that Jesus instituted what is now known in many Christian churches as "communion. While they were eating, Jesus took bread, gave thanks and broke it, and gave it to his disciples, saying, "Take and eat; this is my body.

This is my blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many for the forgiveness of sins. Jesus suffered and died for our sins; he gave up his body and blood for our forgiveness. Many Christian churches celebrate communion at least once a month. Jesus and his followers had entered the Garden of Gethsemane on the Mount of Olives.

His disciples were sleeping for the night when a crowd of Roman soldiers and Jewish officials showed up to arrest Jesus.

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Judas told the soldiers which man was Jesus. Then the men began to arrest Jesus, but Peter used a sword to cut off a man's ear. Jesus scolded Peter for doing that: Jesus healed the injured man's ear and then allowed Himself to be arrested and led away. Chapter 26 of the Bible's book of Matthew begins with a prophecy from Jesus that he would be betrayed and handed over to be crucified. And the chapter ends with the fulfillment of another of Jesus' prophecies - that Peter, Jesus' loyal Apostle, would deny knowing Jesus three times before the break of dawn.

After Jesus was arrested and led away by the soldiers, Peter followed them into the courtyard of the high priest. He took a seat near some of the guards and waited to see what would happen with Jesus. A servant walked up to Peter and asked him if he was with Jesus. Peter said "I don't know what you're talking about.

Peter then got up and went outside of a gateway where another person saw him and identified him as a follower of Jesus. Peter again denied knowing Jesus. Other people then identified Peter as being a follower of Jesus and again Peter denied knowing Jesus. In all, Peter had denied knowing Jesus three times before dawn, just as Jesus had predicted. When Peter remembered that Jesus had predicted Peter's denials, Peter began to weep because he had denied knowing the Lord. Chapter 27 of the Bible's book of Matthew explains that Jesus was falsely accused of being an anti-government rebel.

He appears before Pontius Pilate, the Roman governor of the land of the Jews, and eventually is condemned. Jesus then was beaten and mocked by Roman soldiers. Then the governor's soldiers took Jesus into the Praetorium and gathered the whole company of soldiers around him. They stripped him and put a scarlet robe on him, and then twisted together a crown of thorns and set it on his head.

They put a staff in his right hand and knelt in front of him and mocked him. They spit on him, and took the staff and struck him on the head again and again. After they had mocked him, they took off the robe and put his own clothes on him. Then they led him away to crucify him. After the trial, Jesus was beaten and whipped. Then he was given a cross to carry and led to Calvary. There, he was nailed to the cross, through his wrists and feet. The cross was raised and Jesus was left to die. Many people had gathered to watch.

Some mocked Jesus as he was dying. Others mourned for him. After Jesus had died on the cross, a Roman soldier pierced Jesus with a spear to make sure he was dead. Two men had asked permission to take Jesus' body and bury Him The two men were Joseph of Arimathea and a man named Nicodemus. Jesus was taken down from the cross, wrapped in clothe and placed into an empty tomb owned by Joseph of Arimathea. A large stone was placed in front of the tomb to close off the burial chamber.

The Romans also posted a guard at the tomb to prevent anyone from stealing the body. And he rose again. The resurrection is an essential part of Christianity. There is no Christianity without the resurrection see 1 Corinthians This page explains some details of the resurrection of Jesus Christ. The morning after Jesus had been placed in the tomb, Mary Magdalene went to visit the tomb.

It was very early in the morning and it was still dark outside. She saw that the stone had been removed from the front of the tomb and that the tomb was empty. She ran to Peter to inform him what she had seen. Then, Peter and another Apostle, John, ran to the tomb to see for themselves.

The body of Jesus was gone and the only thing left behind was the cloth that was used to wrap his body for the burial. The Apostles were confused, they did not understand what was happening.

How could the tomb be empty? Where was the body of Jesus? The Apostles returned to their homes. But Mary Magdalene remained by the tomb, crying. Then she turned and saw a man who asked her why she was crying. Mary Magdalene soon realized that the man who was talking to her was Jesus Christ. Jesus had risen from death. Mary Magdalene was the first person to see the resurrected Jesus.

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The resurrection of Jesus Christ was the beginning of Christianity. If Christ had not been resurrected and seen by many people more than , Christianity would not exist today. Jesus made twelve appearances after his resurrection:. His first appearance was to Mary Magdalene, on that early Sunday morning. He appeared to his disciples and other followers, and also a second time to the two men from Emmaus, in a locked room in Jerusalem. The apostle Thomas wasn't there at that time. A week later, Jesus again appeared to his disciples behind locked doors, and this time Thomas was present.

Jesus appeared to seven of his disciples on the shore of the Sea of Galilee. He walked with his disciples along the road to Bethany, on the Mount of Olives, and then ascended into Heaven. Some people had doubts that Jesus had risen from death, that he had been resurrected. After all, the Romans drove nails through Jesus' hands and feet and later pierced his side with a spear to make sure he was dead. And now there were people claiming to have seen Jesus alive again. Even the Apostle named Thomas had doubts, as explained in John Now Thomas called Didymus , one of the Twelve, was not with the disciples when Jesus came.

So the other disciples told him, "We have seen the Lord! A week later his disciples were in the house again, and Thomas was with them. Though the doors were locked, Jesus came and stood among them and said, "Peace be with you! Reach out your hand and put it into my side. Stop doubting and believe. Thomas said to him, "My Lord and my God! In the New Testament of the Bible, there is a book called 1 Corinthians, which was written by a disciple named Paul. The 15th chapter of this book explains the significance of the resurrection of Jesus. It says that Jesus died for our sins.

It also says that our faith would be meaningless if there had been no resurrection see 1 Corinthians And it proclaims that Jesus was resurrected. Paul is one of the people who saw Jesus after the resurrection. After the resurrection, Jesus met with his disciples on a mountain in Galilee and gave them a command to go out and evangelize to all people:.

Then Jesus came to them and said, "All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me. Therefore go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, and teaching them to obey everything I have commanded you. And surely I am with you always, to the very end of the age. This is referred to as the "holy trinity" and also as the "triune nature of God," meaning that God is three-in-one.

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These creeds were written by Christians as a way to summarize and explain Christianity. After he had told his disciples to go out into the world and preach the word of God, Jesus ascended into Heaven:. After the Lord Jesus had spoken to them, he was taken up into heaven and he sat at the right hand of God. Then the disciples went out and preached everywhere, and the Lord worked with them and confirmed his word by the signs that accompanied it.

The New Testament explains that Jesus will return in the future to judge the living and the dead and to establish eternal peace. There are several verses that refer to Jesus' return, including Matthew The book of Matthew, chapter 24, describes a series of signs that will occur before his return.

We are told that all of these signs will manifest themselves during the span of a single generation: There has been a great deal of speculation as to whether we are presently living in the generation that will witness all of the signs described in Matthew Many people have tried to predict when Jesus will return only to be proven wrong.

The Bible warns us not to worry and reminds us to be prepared, spiritually. For believers, Jesus' return will be a glorious event. Home About Contact Site map. The life, times and teachings of Jesus Christ This article explains the life of Jesus beginning with his birth about years ago in the land of Israel, his three-and-a-half year ministry, as well as his crucifixion and resurrection. The early life of Jesus About years ago a man named Jesus was born in the town of Bethlehem in the land of Israel. The virgin Mary is told she'll give birth to Jesus see Luke 1: Jesus is born in the town of Bethlehem see Luke 2: And the prophet Micah, who lived about years before Jesus, announced that Bethlehem would be the birthplace for the Messiah: Ephrathah is the ancient name for the town of Bethlehem in Judah.

Star of Bethlehem appears see Matthew 2: King Herod tries to kill the new-born King Jesus see Matthew 2: The infant Jesus and his parents escape to Egypt see Matthew 2: Jesus is taken back to Israel, to the town of Nazareth see Matthew 2: Jesus as a young child visits the Lord's Temple see Luke 2: Jesus is baptized by John the Baptist see Matthew 3: Jesus resists the temptations of Satan see Matthew 4: Jesus' first miracle, turning water into wine see John 2: Jesus cleanses the Lord's Temple in Jerusalem see John 2: Jesus said to them: Then the disciples were glad when they saw the Lord.

So Jesus said to them again, 'Peace to you! As the Father has sent Me, I also send you…'. The other disciples therefore said to him, 'We have seen the Lord. Jesus came, the doors being shut, and stood in the midst, and said, 'Peace to you! Do not be unbelieving, but believing. Blessed are those who have not seen and yet have believed. The primary sources of information about the life and teachings of Jesus Christ are the first four books of the New Testament, which are called the Gospels.

Other sources are the many prophecies in the Old Testament about the future Messiah and the New Testament books in which the apostles explain many things about Christ and His teachings. Why are there four Gospels instead of just one? First, the Gospels are not purely biographies. Each of the four authors are describing what he considers the most spiritually significant elements of Jesus' life and teachings. Of course, each author was inspired by God through His Holy Spirit. There are no real contradictions among the four accounts.

The four different perspectives complement each other and help to fill out the whole picture of His perfect life.

Therefore, there is harmony, continuity and unity among the four accounts. It's profitable to combine the perspectives into an overall view, but it's also interesting and profitable to focus on one perspective at a time.

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Summarizing the particular focus of each author can be challenging, but here is one simplified approach: Jesus is our perfect model in each of those roles. We can understand a lot about Jesus and His mission by understanding His names and titles. Jesus truly was and is "God with us. He was God in the flesh Luke 1: Messiah from Hebrew mashiach means "anointed" or "anointed one. Jesus came to earth the first time to deliver us from our sins and will come the second time to deliver us from mortality to immortality.

The Greek for Messiah is Christos , from which we get Christ. Jesus usually referred to Himself as "the Son of Man. Jesus used the definite article—He was the [unique] Son of Man, not a son of man. Jesus wanted all to know that He was human, but a very special human. This idiomatic designation sounded reverential, but it was ambiguous in meaning.

That may pinpoint why Jesus used it, because for most of His ministry, Jesus avoided referring to Himself as the Son of God or the Messiah or the son of David. He avoided what might sound political or blasphemous because He didn't want to stir up violent opposition prematurely. Perhaps Paul was elaborating on this title when he referred to Jesus as "the last Adam," since adam is a Hebrew word for man 1 Corinthians After His mother Mary was betrothed to Joseph, before they came together, she was found with child of the Holy Spirit.

God the Father used the Holy Spirit to bring about the conception of Jesus in the womb of the Jewish virgin named Mary. For further description, see Matthew 1: And for a description of the Word voluntarily giving up His divine power and glory to temporarily become a human being, see Philippians 2: So it was, that while they were there, the days were completed for her to be delivered. And she brought forth her firstborn Son, and wrapped Him in swaddling cloths, and laid Him in a manger, because there was no room for them in the inn.

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