In he was taken with adults in a Nazi-led capture in Bordeaux. He avoided detention by hiding for a while in the restrooms and later being hidden from Nazi searches as a farm boy under the name Jean Laborde until the end of the war.
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Both of his parents were arrested and murdered during World War II. His own survival motivated his career in psychiatry.
He wrote several books of popular science on psychology. He is known in France for developing and explaining to the public the concept of Psychological resilience. He is a professor at the University of the South, Toulon-Var. He was awarded the Prix Renaudot de l'essai.
The only conditions to be included in the project were: Fourteen participants attended the project. We resorted to multiple methods in order to assess the results of the intervention.
Participants were also requested to evaluate each component of the programme on a 4-point Likert Scale. The sessions were video-recorded and individual semi-structured interviews were conducted within the two months following the last session. During the first sessions, each participant expressed their expectations.http://billingsapp.com/house-of-dreams-a-torcom-original.php
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Stress management was their main concern, together with the quality of their relationships — first and foremost with their advisor, but also with their partner, family and close friends who do not always understand what they are doing. More widely, they wished the PhD process to be a source of intellectual and personal growth. So let us assess to what extent the goal was met, and what the participants have to say about their experience…. The main themes that emerged from the data analysis of the open-ended questionnaires, and from the semi-structured interviews that were conducted at the end of the project can be divided in two broad categories: All participants without exception pointed out the fact that the programme helped them to stop dramatising, and to tone down the importance of their problems.
They also realised that other PhD candidates felt exactly the same, that they were not the only ones to feel anxious or to lose self-confidence. The various exercises and techniques taught in the programme were appropriated differently, depending on individual needs. Interestingly, several participants noted that things seemed to have changed naturally, not always because they had decided to adopt new behaviours or ways of thinking, but because their perception had changed.
This was clearly expressed by one participant:. I joined this programme to be able to identify whether problems that might emerge during my PhD are normal or not, and also to find out which tools I could use in such a case in order to analyse and solve the problems. At the moment, I have no difficulty, it was merely preventive.
From this perspective, the goal has been achieved, all the more since checklists are provided. There are some cases for which it seems difficult to help doctoral student solve their problems. The strongest obstacles seem to arise in contexts where the individual has little or no control over the situation, and very few options are available for them to get out of it.
For instance, a participant whose PhD research was not funded which is rather common in France, especially in disciplines such as social sciences or humanities attended all the four sessions. Although he was very happy with the programme, he declared at the end of the training that he did not manage to integrate any of the tools in his daily life and that everything went back to normal as soon as the programme was over. His perception was confirmed by the scores in the questionnaires: Duration of the program. Most participants found the programme too brief.
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They suggested to add at least one more session specifically devoted to the relationships with their supervisor s and to have three-hour session instead of two, in order to have more time for discussions. Here are a few comments from the participants:. The programme was designed to address them in a global perspective, trying to give options for participants to keep on searching and sharing beyond the four sessions.
As expected, some participants would have wished to further investigate one or the other aspect depending on their own difficulties. After this pilot experiment, the next step is to go on experimenting by teaching the programme in various settings during the academic year in order to improve it further. One monthly research seminar opened to M. Simultaneously, research funding will be allocated to set up an experimental protocol.
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In the future, we hope to be able to train psychologists so that the programme can be taught in French universities, not only to PhD students, but also at earlier stages undergraduate and graduate students. Beyond the scope of this intervention, what is at stake is a positive transformation of the individuals, so that they can grow, develop their full potential and find the best way for them to contribute to scholarship or even, more widely, if they wish to do so, to the society and the future of the planet.
My thanks are also going to the Centre de recherches interdisciplinaires CRI http: Journal of School Counseling , 12 All you need to know about action research.
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Perspectives on Biology and Medicine, 53 , 1, — The French unhappiness puzzle: The cultural dimension of happiness. The weirdest people in the world? Many and heterogeneous stress factors affect PhD students: Various institutional initiatives flourish around the world e. Expected results based on previous studies see e.
Participants will thus not only benefit from the various techniques that they will learn during this cycle, but also contribute to improve academic learning through the publication of the results of this research.
Related Résilience (Sciences Humaines) (French Edition)
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