England: The Autobiography: 2,000 Years of English History by Those Who Saw it Happen


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Later, in , she narrated Enchanted , a live-action Disney musical comedy that both poked fun at and paid homage to classic Disney films such as Mary Poppins. On May 1, , Disneyland debuted a new fireworks show, Remember In January , Andrews was honoured with the Lifetime Achievement Award at the Screen Actors Guild 's awards and stated that her goals included continuing to direct for the stage and possibly to produce her own Broadway musical.

A Memoir of My Early Years , which she characterised as "part one" of her autobiography, on 1 April Home chronicles her early years in Britain's music hall circuit and ends in with her winning the role of Mary Poppins. These were her first public singing performances in a dozen years, due to her failed vocal cord surgery.

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The New Year's Celebration concert. On 8 May , Andrews made her London comeback after a year absence her last performance there was a Christmas concert at the Royal Festival Hall in The evening, though well received by the 20, fans present, who gave her standing ovation after standing ovation, [67] did not convince the critics. On 18 May , Andrews' 23rd book this one also written with her daughter Emma was published. On 28 October , Andrews appeared, along with the actors who portrayed the cinematic von Trapp family members, on Oprah to commemorate the film's 45th anniversary.

Andrews was by her husband's side when he died. At the age of 77, Andrews undertook her first tour of Australia and New Zealand in , hosted by Nicholas Hammond [79] who was a boy of 14 when they appeared together in The Sound of Music.

List of autobiographies

In , Andrews made a surprise appearance at the Oscars, greeting Lady Gaga who paid her homage by singing a medley from The Sound of Music. The series premiered on Netflix in Andrews has been married twice, first to set designer Tony Walton from until , then to director Blake Edwards from until his death in Andrews married Walton on 10 May in Weybridge , Surrey. They had first met in when Andrews was appearing at the London Casino in the show Humpty Dumpty.

Andrews married Edwards in ; his children from a previous marriage, Jennifer and Geoffrey, were 3 and 5 years older than Emma. When a young Andrews was taken by her parents to be examined by a throat specialist , the doctor concluded that she had "an almost adult larynx. At the time, Andrews described her own voice as "extremely high and thin", feeling that it lacked "the necessary guts and weight for opera", preferring musical theatre instead.

As Andrews aged, so did her voice, which began to naturally deepen. Losing her vast upper register, her "top notes" became increasingly difficult to sing while "her middle register matured into the warm golden tone" for which she has become known, according to Tim Wong of The Daily Telegraph. Musically, Andrews had always preferred singing music that was "bright and sunny", choosing to avoid songs that were sad, depressing, upsetting, or written in a minor key, for fear of losing her voice "in a mess of emotion". She cited this as yet another reason for avoiding opera. Andrews has received many honorary degrees in recognition of her distinguished career in entertainment.

Andrews has published several books mainly children's books and also autobiographies under her name, as well as the pen names Julie Andrews Edwards and Julie Edwards.


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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Julie Andrews Edwards. The Sound of Music". Retrieved 29 January Archived from the original on 25 September The New York Times. Retrieved 3 August She sang the British National Anthem. She ran onto stage in front of Danny Kaye wearing a white A-frame dress and begins to sing, the audience join in. The show was presented by Val Parnell.

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All-Music Guide article from Legacy Recordings. The New York Times , 31 March Retrieved 18 December The Warner Brothers Story — The University Press of Kentucky Report. Retrieved 10 January Retrieved 1 May Critical Perspectives on Jim Henson's Muppets. A Life Of Achievements. Retrieved 2 August The Oprah Winfrey Show. The sound of music". Retrieved 16 December Retrieved 10 February Archived from the original on 29 December Retrieved 14 January The Julie Andrews Collection.

Archived from the original on 30 January Retrieved 27 July Retrieved 4 May Archived from the original on 16 July Archived from the original on 5 September Dame Julie Andrews at the O2 Arena". Archived from the original on 18 July Retrieved 2 June Archived from the original on December 30, Retrieved December 29, Retrieved 17 December Archived from the original on 28 January The New York Times Company.

Retrieved 23 August Telegraph Media Group Limited. Retrieved 28 June Archived from the original on 30 June Retrieved 10 May University of Maryland, College Park. Archived from the original on 23 October Retrieved 5 November Awards for Julie Andrews. Academy Award for Best Actress. Phyllis Logan Haing S. Hasty Pudding Woman of the Year. Kennedy Center Honorees s. Complete list s s s s s. Paul Newman and Joanne Woodward Ossie Davis and Ruby Dee James Earl Jones Mary Tyler Moore Dick Van Dyke Retrieved from " https: Views Read View source View history.

In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikiquote. This page was last edited on 18 September , at By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Andrews in Sydney, Australia, May The Americanization of Emily. The Sound of Music.

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The Return of the Pink Panther. The Pink Panther Strikes Again. Trail of the Pink Panther. The Man Who Loved Women. The Princess Diaries 2: High Tor with Bing Crosby. Rodgers and Hammerstein's Cinderella. The Ed Sullivan Show. Julie and Carol at Carnegie Hall. The Andy Williams Show. The Julie Andrews Show. A World in Music. Millions of you have helped end the slave trade through your taxes. Which means that living British citizens helped pay to end the slave trade. The tweet, which the Treasury says was prompted by a Freedom of Information Act request submitted in January, generated a storm of anger and crowdsourced corrections.

First, the British slave trade was not abolished in , but in Second, slavery was not abolished in all parts of the British empire in The tweet, which was hastily deleted, had the stench of British historical amnesia and of institutionalised racism. A few days later, the historian David Olusoga wrote: The tweet was no aberration. It was emblematic of the way legacies of slavery continue to shape life for the descendants of the formerly enslaved, and for everyone who lives in Britain, whatever their origin.

The legacies of slavery in Britain are not far off; they are in front of our eyes every single day. Beginning in the last decades of the s, we see African people kidnapped from their families, crammed into the dark pits of slave forts, and then piled into the bowels of ships.

When will Britain face up to its crimes against humanity? | News | The Guardian

We see voyagers and traders, such as John Hawkins in the s, becoming some of the first British men to make massive fortunes from this trade in kidnapped Africans. By the late 17th century, we see the British coming to dominate the slave trade, having overtaken the Portuguese, Spanish and Dutch. Half of all the Africans transported into slavery during the 18th century were carried in the holds of British ships. From the 15th to the 19th centuries, more than 11 million shackled black captives were forcibly transported to the Americas, and unknown multitudes were lost at sea.

Captives were often thrown overboard when they were too sick, or too strong-willed, or too numerous to feed. Those who survived the journey were dumped on the shores and sold to the highest bidder, then sold on again and again like financial assets. Mothers were separated from children, and husbands from wives, as persons were turned into property.

Slaves were raped and lynched; their bodies were branded, flayed and mutilated. Many slave owners, in their diaries, manuals, newspaper writings and correspondence, readily admitted the punishments and violations they exacted on black people on the cane fields and in their homes.


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Take, for example, the unapologetic recollections of violence and predation that comprise the diary of Thomas Thistlewood , a British slave owner in Jamaica in the mids. Thistlewood recorded 3, acts of sexual intercourse with enslaved women in his 37 years in Jamaica. In his 23 July entry, he described punishing a slave in the following manner: In Barbados, the British established one of the first modern slave societies.

Slavery had certainly been practised in many parts of the world since ancient times. Beginning in , the enslaved were put to work in the intense cultivation of sugar cane, working in chain gangs in shifts that covered a hour production cycle. In one of the greatest experiments in human terror the world has ever known, this system of plantation slavery expanded over the following centuries across the Caribbean, South America and the southern United States. The trade in slaves, and the goods they were forced to produce — sugar, tobacco and eventually cotton — created the first lords of modern capitalism.

Britain could not have become the most powerful economic force on earth by the turn of the 19th century without commanding the largest slave plantation economies on earth, with more than , people enslaved. And the legacy of such large-scale, prolonged slavery touches everything that is familiar in Britain today, including buildings named after slave owners such as Colston Hall in Bristol; streets named after slave owners such as Buchanan and Dunlop Streets in Glasgow; and whole parts of cities built for slave owners, such as the West India Docks in London.

The cultural legacy of slavery also infuses British tastes, from sweetened tea, to silver service, to cotton clothwork, to the endemic race and class inequalities that characterise everyday life. This narrative often begins in the pews of Holy Trinity Church in Clapham, where the cherubic William Wilberforce worshipped.

Today, he can be seen on the stained glass above the altar of that church, giving the news of the abolition of the slave trade to a black woman who kneels before him. Around Wilberforce coalesced a group of Church of England social reformers, known as the Clapham Saints, who led the campaign against the slave trade, and then pressed onward to fight for the abolition of plantation slavery in Over the past few decades, scholars have also stressed the ways in which the antislavery movement depended on expanding democratic participation in civic debate, with British women and the working classes playing a crucial role in the abolitionist ranks.

British parliamentarians were inundated with thousands of petitions from ordinary people pressing them to pass laws that eventually brought slavery to an end. To encourage their fellow citizens to look into the face of the enslaved and see fellow human beings, British abolitionists distributed autobiographies of people who had experienced slavery, such as works by Ignatius Sancho, Olaudah Equiano and Mary Prince. If only the British public could hear the voices of black people through their writing, then they could empathise with their oppression.

It would then become possible to look into the eyes of the enslaved and see a person staring back. But narratives of abolition cannot be reduced to a story of angelic white benefactors gifting freedom to their black wards. There are 32 images of William Wilberforce in the National Portrait Gallery, but just four images of black abolitionists and antislavery activists from the same period.

In Britain, the popular narrative too often ignores the fact that blacks on the plantations were convinced of their own personhood long before anyone else. Rebellions were endemic to slavery, and by the s and 20s, many slave societies in the British Caribbean were experiencing insurgencies. Shortly after Christmas , an audacious rebellion broke out in Jamaica. Some 60, enslaved people went on strike. They burned the sugar cane in the fields and used their tools to smash up sugar mills.

The rebels also showed remarkable discipline, imprisoning slave owners on their estates without physically harming them. The British Jamaican government responded by violently stamping out the rebellion, killing more than black people in combat, and later with firing squads and on the gallows. The uprising sent shockwaves through the British parliament and accelerated the push for the abolition of slavery.

Not only did blacks mobilise for their own liberation, but by the s slavery was also beginning to clash with an economic principle that was becoming an article of faith for British capitalists: Eric Williams, a historian of slavery who also became the first prime minister of independent Trinidad in , has argued that slavery in the British empire was only abolished after it had ceased to be economically useful.

Many British merchants involved in selling Cuban, Brazilian and East Indian sugar in Britain wanted to see an end to all duties and protections that safeguarded the West Indian sugar monopoly. British capitalists also saw fresh possibilities for profit across the globe, from South America to Australia, as new transportation and military technologies — steamships, gunboats and railways — made it possible for European settlers to penetrate new frontiers.

The economic system of British slavery was moribund by , but it still needed to be officially slain. B y , debates were raging in the British parliament, and in the public sphere, about ending slavery. The powerful West India interest — a group of around 80 MPs who had ties to Caribbean slavery — opposed abolition.

Beyond parliament, many thousands of Britons across the country — slave owners, West India merchants, sugar refiners, trade brokers, ship owners, bankers, military men, members of the gentry and clergymen — actively championed the principle of compensation by attending public rallies organised by various West India Committees. When slaves were emancipated in northern US states in the years before , no compensation to their owners was paid.

Only in the s did the British government take the unprecedented step of paying compensation to Spain, Portugal and some West African states to solicit their cooperation in the suppression of the slave trade. The attempt failed, however, as Spain and Portugal pocketed British money and continued their slave trading until the later 19th century. British slave owners nonetheless demanded, in the s, that this international precedent be applied to them. The argument for slave-owner compensation relied on perverse logic. Under English law, it was difficult to claim compensation for the loss of chattel property, since rights to movable things — such as household possessions, or tools, or livestock — were considered inherently unstable, expendable and ambiguous.

So, the West India interest in parliament, led by the likes of Patrick Maxwell Stewart, a rich London merchant who owned slaves in Tobago, made fanciful arguments to align the enslaved more with land or buildings, or even with body parts, than with human beings. According to one line of argument, because the government paid money to landowners when it took over fields for public works such as docks, roads, bridges and railways, so too it had to pay slave owners for taking over their slaves.

Many mainstream abolitionists felt uncomfortable about the compensation of slave owners, but justified it as a pragmatic, if imperfect, way to achieve a worthy goal. Some activists even demanded that compensation be paid to the enslaved. Many antislavery members of parliament, such as Thomas Fowell Buxton and William Clay, spoke out vociferously against slave-owner compensation.

The decision to compensate slave owners was not just an inevitable expression of the widespread beliefs of those times.

England: The Autobiography: 2,000 Years of English History by Those Who Saw it Happen England: The Autobiography: 2,000 Years of English History by Those Who Saw it Happen
England: The Autobiography: 2,000 Years of English History by Those Who Saw it Happen England: The Autobiography: 2,000 Years of English History by Those Who Saw it Happen
England: The Autobiography: 2,000 Years of English History by Those Who Saw it Happen England: The Autobiography: 2,000 Years of English History by Those Who Saw it Happen
England: The Autobiography: 2,000 Years of English History by Those Who Saw it Happen England: The Autobiography: 2,000 Years of English History by Those Who Saw it Happen
England: The Autobiography: 2,000 Years of English History by Those Who Saw it Happen England: The Autobiography: 2,000 Years of English History by Those Who Saw it Happen

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