This nocturne is composed almost entirely of quickly rolled chords of wide span, at a rate of six per hand per measure with the hands close together, creating a harp-like effect - "as if the guitar had been dowered with a soul," writes Huneker. The top notes form a melodic line.
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This piece looks striking on the printed page, with its clusters of chords and roll-markings. It takes careful tonal balance and phrasing to give the melody its due while maintaining smooth rapid arpeggiation of the chords that compose it. Kullak calls it a "bravura study of the very highest order for the left hand. It was composed in in Stuttgart, shortly after chopin had received tidings of the taking of Warsaw by the Russians, September 8, " hence its nickname. Niecks writes, "The composer seems fuming with rage; the left hand rushes impetuously along and the right hand strikes in with passionate ejaculations.
Here is no veiled surmise, no smothered rage, but all sweeps along in tornadic passion. The study has an unusual look on the page, as most of the notes are printed smaller than is ordinary, with the accented notes printed at full size. Another technical difficulty is the occasional need to play two notes on the left hand for every three on the right.
Etüden-Album (Mayer, Charles)
And in places the notes of the figuration create motives that counterpoint the main melody. But it would be an error to think that Chopin permitted every one of the small notes to be distinctly heard. It was rather an undulation of the A flat major chord, here and there thrown aloft anew by the pedal. Throughout all the harmonies one always heard in great tones a wondrous melody, while once only, in the middle of the piece, besides that chief song, a tenor voice became prominent in the midst of chords.
A study in right-hand triplets. Huneker waxes, "every bar rules over a little harmonic kingdom of its own. In these repetitions, however, changes of accentuation, fresh modulations, and piquant antitheses, serve to make the composition extremely vivacious and effective. The left hand takes some perilous leaps to delineate its two voices, especially near the end.
Asks the right hand to play a legato melody and stacatto accompaniment the latter augmented by the left hand simultaneously a procedure which Robert Collet claims originated with Weber.
Étude Op. 10, No. 3 (Chopin) - Wikipedia
The right hand stacatto part is syncopated; odd-numbered beats are represented only by a single left-hand bass note, whereas even-numbered beats are filled with chords and frequently accented. Occasionally, the thumb is asked to play both a black grace note and the white key that follows it; it is difficult to suppress wrong accents. In the E major midsection, the arpeggiated right hand part changes rhythm from duplets to triplets to quadruplets, and the two hands share a melodic inner voice while the left hand plays bass and the right hand plays rapid figurations; this passage has prompted comparisons with Sigismond Thalberg's favorite compositional trick, the clever simulation of three-handed playing.
Simon Finlow writes, "if still further evidence were needed of his exceptional pianistic insight, Chopin provides it at the end: Leichtentritt believes it to be "one of the most exquisite sound impressions ever contrived for the piano".
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The final A section is a quite literal though shortened restatement of the first one. Chopin disliked excessive sentiments expressed during performance, as it tore the musical structure he initially intended. Chopin also eschewed a beleaguering tempo with distinct pulse since it destroyed the significance of the 2 4 time signature. As the right hand part contains a melody and sometimes an extra filling voice to be played by the three "weaker fingers" and an accompaniment figure played by the first two fingers, the hand can be divided into an "active element" and an "accompanying element" not unlike in Op.
Detailed comments on Godowsky's Studies.
French pianist Alfred Cortot — especially mentions the importance of " polyphonic and legato playing", the "individual tone value of the fingers" and the "intense expressiveness imparted by the weaker fingers". Preparatory exercises consist of addressing two "distinct muscular areas" of the hand by playing two voices with one hand, each voice with a "different intensity in tone".
Cortot believes that the "weight of the hand" should lean towards the fingers playing the predominant part while the others "remain limp". He recommends practicing the right-hand part of the first twenty bars the A section in three distinct modes of articulation and dynamics simultaneously, the top voice forte and legato, the middle one mp , and the lowest semiquavers in pp and staccato. Concerning the legato Cortot states that the intensity of tone is imparted "by pressure and not by attack".
He further observes that legato of notes played in succession by the same finger can only be achieved by the portamento device". In regard to the pedal Cortot recommends pedal changes synchronized with the bass line six changes per bar , although many critics say this is too much to be necessary. No pedal indication by Chopin is found in manuscripts or original editions.
Schumann: Andante & Variations, Op. 46 & 6 Studies for Pedal Piano, Op. 56
Transcriptions for voice with a relative adaptation of words already existed in Chopin's time. When he was in London in , he heard Maria Malibran sing one of these "adaptations" and pronounced himself extremely pleased. The memorable simplicity of the theme has led to its widespread use across a variety of media. In popular usage, it is invariably performed at a slower tempo marking than the original. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Allegro con brio Mit innigem Ausdruck Andantino - Etwas schneller Nicht zu schnell Svendsen for piano trio Brahms, Johannes ; Schumann, Robert Arranger s: Kirchner, Theodor ; Svendsen, Johan Ensemble s: Petrof Piano Trio Label:
Related Studies for the Pedal Piano: No. 3 in E Major
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