The Companion Bible - The Book of Malachi


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The Dynasty of Omri. Parallel Passages of the Historical Books. The Genealogy of the Persian Kings. The Twelve Gates of Jerusalem. The Name of Jehovah in the Book of Esther. Quotations from the Book of Job in the other Books of the Bible. The Septuagint Ending of the Book of Job. The Book of Psalms. To the Chief Musician. Hebrew Words in the Text of the Psalms. The Parenthesis of the Present Dispensation.

The Ten Words of Psalm 1 Chronological Order of the Prophets. The Evidences For One Authorship.

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Quotations and Allusions in the New Testament. The "Altar to Jehovah in the Land of Egypt". The The Formula; of Prophetic Utterance. The Septuagint Version of Jeremiah. Jeremiah, A Type of The Messiah. The Visions of Daniel. The "Times", and Numbered "Days" of Daniel. The "Seventy Weeks" of Daniel. References to the Pentateuch in the Prophets. The Alleged "Corruption" of the Hebrew Text. The Greek Text of the New Testament. The Diversity of The Four Gospels.

The Usage of Pneuma in the New Testament. The Synonymous Words for "Will" and "Wish". The Usage of Negatives in the New Testament. The Synonymous Words for "Appear", "Appearing" , etc. The Synonymous Words for "Child", "Children" , etc. The Herods of The New Testament. The Use of Psuche in the New Testament. The Synonymous Words for "Repent", "Repentance". The Synonymous Expressions For "Kingdom". The "Kingdom" and The "Church". The Temptations of Our Lord. The Fourfold Ministry of Our Lord. The Synagogue; and Jewish Sects. The Synonymous Words for "Preach" , etc.

The Synonymous Words for "Judge", "Condemn" , etc. The Synonymous Words for "Man", "Men". The Synonymous Words for "Perfect". The Synonymous Words for "Poor" etc. The Synonymous Words for "World", "Earth" , etc. The Synonymous Words for "Light" , etc. The Synonymous Words for "Hell" , etc. The Synonymous Words for "Know", "Knowledge" , etc. The Synonymous Words for "Pray" and "Prayer". The Synonymous Words for "Love". The Two Entries into Jerusalem. This Is My Body.

The Denials of Peter. The Cross and Crucifixion. The Inscriptions on the Cross. The Hours of the Lord's Last Day. The Synonymous Words for "Life". The Synonymous Words for "Sleep". The Synonymous Words for "Power" , etc. The Synonymous Words for "Send", "Sent", etc. The Dispensational Position of the Book of the "Acts". Synonymous Words For "Grace" , etc. Synonymous Words for "Servant". The Eternal Purpose , Ephesians 3: The Dispensational Plan of the Bible. The Second Postscript Romans All produced by the Word of God Genesis 1: Israel as a "family" Genesis Israel emerging from Families and Tribes to a Nation.

Called "Hebrews" according to their "tongue. Jehovah in the midst. He, Israel's God; and they, His People. Israel, now a "Nation," numbered, and blessed "I as such 23, All Israel regarded as in the "Land. Israel forsaking and returning to God; B losing and regaining their position in the Land. Man's king "rejected"; God's king David "established. Decline and Fall under the kings. Final blessing under God's King. God forsaking Israel, and returning in 2? Words which govern or rule man's q D life.

God's moral government set forth. Read by the Jews at the Passover: The stranger gathered in to hear of, and share in, God's goodness in Redemption. Read at Pentecost, which commemorates God's goodness in the Land. Read at the Fast of the ninth of Abib. Men who governed and ruled God's People in their resettlement in the Land.

The So-Called "Creation Tablets". The Occurrences of Neshamali , "Breath". Tin- Antediluvian Patriarchs, and thg Flood-Dale. The Ten Words of Psalm The The Fonnulce of Prophetic Utterance. A Type of The Messiah. The Synonymous Words for "Appear". The Synonymous Words for "Judge". The Synonymous Words for "Man". The Synonymous Words For "Other". The Synonymous Words Used for Sin. The Synonymous Words for "See". Synonymous Words for "Servant", "Serve", etc. Genesis is the seed-plot of the whole Bible. It is essential to the true understanding of its every part.

It is the foundation on which Divine Revelation rests; and on which it is built up. It is not only the foundation of all Truth, but it enters into, and forms part of, all subsequent inspiration; and is at once the warp and woof of Holy Writ. Genesis is quoted or referred to sixty times in the New Testament; and Divine authority is set like a seal on its historical facts.

It, and the Book of the Law, of which it forms part, are ascribed to Moses. Genesis, the book of beginning. The Earth created 1: Sun, moon and stars for the Earth's government 1: Sun to govern the day 1: Darkness called night 1: Waters called seas 1: A river for Earth's blessing 2: Man in God's image 1: Entrance of sin 3.

Cherubim, first mentioned in connection with man 3: Man driven out from Eden 3: Tree of life guarded 3: Sorrow and suffering enter 3: Man's religion, art, and science, resorted to for enjoyment, apart from God 4. Nimrod, a great rebel and king, and hidden anti-God, the founder of Babylon Apocalypse, the book of the end. The Earth passed away Satan's final rebellion Sun, moon, and stars, connected with Earth's judgement 6: No need of the sun A river for the New Earth Man headed by one in Satan's image Development and end of sin 21 , Cherubim, finally mentioned in connection with man 4: No more sorrow Man's religion, luxury, art, and science, in their full glory, judged and destroyed by God The Beast, the great rebel, a king, and manifested anti-God, A flood from God to destroy an evil generation 6: The Bow, the token of God's covenant with the Earth 9: Sodom and Egypt, the place of corruption and temptation 13, A confederacy against Abraham's people overthrown Marriage of first Adam 2: A bride sought for Abraham's son Isaac and found Two angels acting for God on behalf of His people A promised seed to possess the gate of his enemies Man's dominion ceased and Satan's begun 3: The old serpent causing sin, suffering, and death 3: The doom of the old serpent pronounced 3: Sun, moon, and stars, associated with Israel A flood from Satan to destroy an elect generation The Bow, betokening God's remembrance of His covenant with the Earth 4: Sodom and Egypt again: A confederacy against Abraham's seed overthrown Marriage of last Adam A Bride made ready and brought to Abraham's Son Two witnesses acting for God on behalf of His People The promised seed coming into possession Satan's dominion ended, and man's restored The old serpent bound for 1, years The doom on the old serpent executed Sun, moon, and stars, associated again with Israel Its first occurrence connects it with creation, and gives it its essential meaning as the Creator.

It indicates His relation to mankind as His creatures see note on 2Chronicles While Elohim is God as the Creator of all things, Jehovah is the same God in covenant relation to those whom He has created compare 2Chronicles The Divine definition is given in Genesis He is especially, therefore, the God of Israel; and the God of those who are redeemed, and are thus now "in Christ".

The name Jehovah is combined with ten other words, which form what are known as "the Jehovah Titles. All are noted in the margin, in all their occurrences: We have seven of these, experimentally referred to, in Psalms 23, inasmuch as Jehovah, as the "Good," "Great," and "Chief Shepherd," is engaged, in all the perfection of His attributes, on behalf of His sheep: In verse 2, we have number 5. In verse 3, we have numbers 2 and 7. In verse 4, we have number 8.

In verse 5, we have numbers 3 and 4. JAH is Jehovah in a special sense and relation. It occurs 49 times 7x7. Jah is indicated by type thus: EL is essentially the Almighty , though the word is never so rendered see below, "Shaddai". EL is Elohim in all His strength and power. Elohim is God the Creator putting His omnipotence into operation. Eloah see below is God Who wills and orders all, and Who is to be the one object of the worship of His people. El is the God Who knows all first occurrence Genesis El is indicated in this edition by type in large capital letters, thus: Eloah is God in connection with His Will rather than His power.

The first occurrence associates this name with worship Deuteronomy Hence it is the title used whenever the contrast latent or expressed is with false gods or idols. Eloah is essentially "the living God" in contrast to inanimate idols. Eloah is rendered "God", but we have indicated it by type thus GOD. It is El and Elohim, not as the powerful Creator, but as "the possessor of heaven and earth.

It is Elyon, as possessor of the earth, Who divides the nations "their inheritance". The title occurs 36 times 6x6, or 6 2. It is God El , not as the source of strength, but of grace ; not as Creator, but as the Giver. Shaddai is the All-bountiful. This title does not refer to His creative power, but to His power to supply all the needs of His people.

Its first occurrence is in Genesis Even so it is the title used in 2Corinthians 6: It is always used in connection with El see above. They all denote headship in various aspects. They have to do with God as "over-lord. We have indicated this in type by printing the preceding article or pronouns in small capitals, not because either are to be emphasised, but to distinguish the word "Lord" from Adonai, which is always so printed in the Authorized Version.

With this limitation it is almost equivalent to Jehovah. Indeed, it was from an early date so used, by associating the vowel points of the word Jehovah with Adon, thus converting Adon into Adonai. See Appendix 32 We have indicated these by printing the word like Jehovah, putting an asterisk, thus: Adonim carries with it all that Adon does, but in a greater and higher degree; and more especially as owner and proprietor. An Adon may rule others who do not belong to him.

Hence without the article it is often used of men. But Adonim is the Lord Who rules His own. We have indicated it by type, thus: The three may be thus briefly distinguished: Adonim is Lord as owner. Adonai is the Lord as blesser. The Introduction to Genesis and to the whole Bible Genesis 1: There is no room for evolution without a flat denial of Divine revelation. One must be true, the other false. They are "great," Psalm They are "wondrous," Job They are "perfect," Deuteronomy Man starts from nothing.

He begins in helplessness, ignorance, and inexperience. All his works, therefore, proceed on the principle of evolution. This principle is seen only in human affairs: But the birds build their nests to-day as at the beginning. The moment we pass the boundary line, and enter the Divine sphere, no trace or vestige of evolution is seen. There is growth and development within, but no passing, change, or evolution out from one into another. On the other hand, all God's works are perfect. In the Introduction to Genesis chapter 1: There are also ten words connected with the word "God" ; this is the number of ordinal perfection Appendix There is only one verb used alone with the pronoun "He", instead of "God", and that is the verb "rested".

This makes eleven in all ; for the significance of which see Appendix The word "and" is repeated times: Evolution is only one of several theories invented to explain the phenomena of created things. It is admitted by all scientists that no one of these theories covers all the ground ; and the greatest claim made for Evolution, or Darwinism, is that "it covers more ground than any of the others. This is the special work undertaken by so-called "Higher Criticism", which bases its conclusions on human assumptions and reasoning, instead of on the documentary evidence of manuscripts, as Textual Criticism does.

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Numbers are used in Scripture, not merely as in Nature, with supernatural design , but with spiritual significance, which may be summarised as follows 1 One. Denotes unity, and commencement. The first occurrences of words or utterances denote their essential significance, in interpretation. Words that occur only once, in the originals, are emphatic and important. The first occurrences of all important words and expressions are noted in the margin.

If two different persons agree in testimony it is conclusive. Otherwise two implies opposition, enmity, and division, as was the work of the Second day. Denotes completeness, as three lines complete a plane figure. Hence, three is significant of Divine perfection and completeness. The third day completes the fundamentals of creation- work.

920. What Is The Purpose Of Malachi?

The fourth, fifth, and sixth days are the counterpart and repetition of the first, second, and third, and correspond respectively. See the structure of Genesis 1 The number, three, includes resurrection also; for on the third day the earth rose up out of the deep, and fruit rose up out of the earth.

It is God adding His gifts and blessing to the works of His hands. The Hebrew Ha'aretz the earth , by "Gematria" that is to say the addition of the numerical value of the letters together is a multiple of four, while Hashamayim the heavens is a multiple of five. It is the leading factor in the Tabernacle measurements. Denotes the human number. Man was created on the sixth day; and this first occurrence of the number makes it and all multiples of it the hall-mark of all connected with man.

He works six days. The hours of his day are a multiple of six. Athaliah usurped the throne of Judah six years. The great men who have stood out in defiance of God Goliath and Nebuchadnezzar and Antichrist are all emphatically marked by this number. It is the number or hall-mark of the Holy Spirit's work.

He is the Author of God's Word, and seven is stamped on it as the water-mark is seen in the manufacture of paper. He is the Author and Giver of life ; and seven is the number which regulates every period of Incubation and Gestation, in insects, birds, animals, and man. Denotes resurrection, regeneration ; a new beginning or commencement.

The eighth is a new first. Hence the octave in music, colour, days of the week, etc. It is the number which has to do with the Lord, Who rose on the eighth, or new "first-day". This is , therefore, the Dominical number. It, or its multiple is impressed on all that has to do with the Lord's Names, the Lord's People, the Lord's works. Denotes Finality of judgment It is 3 x 3, the product of Divine completeness.

The number nine, or its factors or multiples, is seen in all cases when judgment is the subject. Another new first; after the ninth digit, when numeration commences anew. Denotes disorder, disorganization, because it is one short of the number twelve see below. It is the number or factor of all numbers connected with government: Denotes rebellion, apostasy, defection, disintegration, revolution, etc. The first occurrence fixes this Genesis It, and its multiples, are seen in all numbers, and in the Gematria see above of all names and passages that are associated with rebellion, etc.

It is the seventh prime number as 13 is the sixth prime number. Other numbers follow the laws which govern the smaller numbers, as being their factors, sums, products or multiples: Spiritual perfection in connection with the earth. Divine perfection, applied to order. Divine order applied to earthly things. Hence, the number of probation. The four perfect numbers, 3,7,10, and 12, have for their product the remarkable number 2, It is the Least Common Multiple of the ten digits governing all numeration; and can, therefore, be divided by each of nine digits, without a remainder.

It is the number of chronological perfection 7 x Bullinger's work on Number in Scripture London: It is most important to notice these. It is absolutely necessary for true interpretation. God's Word is made up of "words which the Holy Spirit teacheth" lCorinthians 2: A "Figure of speech" relates to the form in which the words are used.

It consists in the fact that a word or words are used out of their ordinary sense, or place, or manner, for the purpose of attracting our attention to what is thus said. A Figure of speech is a designed and legitimate departure from the laws of language, in order to emphasise what is said. Hence in such Figures we have the Holy Spirit's own marking, so to speak, of His own words. This peculiar form or unusal manner may not be true, or so true, to the literal meaning of the words; but it is more true to their real sense, and truer to the truth. Figures are never used but for the sake of emphasis.

They can never, therefore, be ignored. Ingnorance of Figures of speech has led to the grossest errors, which have been caused either from taking literally what is figurative, or from taking figuratively what is literal. The Greeks and Romans named some hundreds of such figures. The only work on Biblical Figures of speech in the English language is by Dr.

Bullinger ', from which we have taken the whole of information given here as well as in the marginal notes. He has classified some seperate figures some of them with many varieties or subdivisions , and has given over 8, illustrations. By interpreting these figures literally as meaning "belly", "dust", "heel", "head", we lose the volumes of precious and mysterious truth which they convay and intensify.

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It is the truth whish is literal, while the words employed are figurative. See under Appendix 19 In the marginal notes will be found the names of most of these figures; and we append a list with their pronunciation and English definitions giving one or more references as examples. Ac-cis'-mus ; or, Apparent Refusal Matthew So named because it is an apparent or assumed refusal. Ac-ro'-stichion; or, Acrostic Psalm 1 Repetition of the same or successive letters at the beginnings of words or clauses. A truth expressed in obscure language. Rendering a reason for what is said or done.

Affirmatio; or, Affirmation Philppians 1: Emphasising words to affirm what no one has disputed. Ag'-an-ac-te'-sis; or Indignation Genesis 3: An expression of feeling by way of indignation. Teaching a truth about one thing by substituting another for it which is unlike it. Am-oe-bae'-on; or, Refrain Psalm The repetition of the same phrase at the end successive paragraphs. Am'-phi-di-or-tho'-sis; or, Double Correction lCorinthians 1 1: A correction setting right both hearer and speaker. Am'-pli-a'-tio; or, Adjournment Genesis 2: A retaining of an old name after the reason for it has passed away.

An-ab'-a-sis; or, Gradual Ascent Psalm An increase of emphasis or sense in successive sentences. An-acho'-re-sis; or, Regression Ephesians 3: A return to the original subject after a digression. An'-a-coe-no-sis; or, Common Cause lCorithians 4: An appeal to others as having interests in common.

An'-a-co-lu'-thon; or, Non-Sequence Genesis A breaking off the sequence of thought. The word or words concluding one sentence are repeated at the beginning of another. An'-a-mne'-sis; or, Recalling Romans 9: An expression of feeling by way of recalling to mind. An-a'-pho-ra; or, Like Sentence Beginnings Deuteronomy The repetition of the same word at the beginning of successive sentences.

An-a'-stro-phe; or, Arraignment Acts 7: The position of one word changed, so as to be out of its proper or usaul place in a sentence. An '-e-sis; or Abating 2Kings 5: The addition of a concluding sentence which diminishes the effect of what has been said. Ant-eis'-a-go-ge; or, Counter Question Matthew The answering of one quetion by asking another. An-throp'-o-path-ei'-a; or, Condescension Genesis 1: Ascribing to God what belongs to human and rational beings, irrational creatures, or inanimate things. Ant-i-cat'-e-gor'-ia; or, Tu Quoque Ezekiel Retorting upon another the very insinuation or accusation he has made against us.

Ant'-i-me'-rei-a; or, Exchange of Parts of Speech. The Verb used istead of some other part of speech Genesis The Adverb used instead of some other part of speech Genesis The Adjective used instead of some other part of speech Genesis 1: The Noun used instead of some other part of speech Genesis Ant-i-me-tab'-o-le; or, Counterchange Genesis 4: A word or words repeated in a revers order, with the object of opposing them to one another. Ant-i-met-a-the'-sis; or, Dialogue lCorinthians 7: A transference of speakers; as when the reader is addressed as if actually present.

Ant-i'-phras-is; or, Permutation Genesis 3: The use of a word or phrase in a sense opposite to its original signification. Ant'-i-pros-o'-po-poe-i-a; or Anti-Personification 2Samuel Persons represented as inanimate things. Ant'-i-ptos'-is; or, Exchange of Cases Exodus One Case is put for another Case, the governing Noun being used as the Adjective instead of the Noun in regimen. Ant-i'-stro-phe; or, Retort Matthew Turning the words of a speaker against himself.

Ant-i'-thes-is; or, Contrast Proverbs A setting of one phrase in contrast with another. Ant'-o-no-ma'-si-a or, Name Change Genesis 3 1: The putting of a proper name for a Appellative or common Noun, or the reverse. Aph-aer'-e-sis; or, Front Cut Jeremiah The cutting off of a letter or syllable from the beginning of a word. Ap'-o-di-ox'-is; or, Detestation Matthew An expression of feeling by way of destestation. Ap-o'-phas-is; or, Insinuation Philemon When, professing to suppress certain matters, the writer adds the insinuation negatively.

A-po'-ria; or, Doubt Luke An expression of feeling by way of doubt. Ap-o-si-opes'-is; or, Sudden Silence It may be associated with: Some great promise Exodus Anger and threatening Genesis 3: Grief and complaint Genesis Inquiry and deprecation John 6: Ap-o'-stro-phe; or, Apostrophe When the speaker turns away from the real auditory whom he is addressing to speak to another, who may be- 1. Inanimate things Jeremiah Association; or, Inclusion Acts When the speaker associates himself with those whom he addresses, or of whom he speaks.

As'-ter-is'-mos; or, Indicating Psalm Employing some word which directs special attention to some paticular point or subject. A-syn'-de-ton; or, No-Ands Mark 7: The usual conjunction is omitted, so that the point to be emphasised may be quickly reached and ended with an emphatic climax compare to Polysyndeton, and Luke Bat-to-log'-i-a; or, Vain Repetition lKings Not used by the Holy Spirit: Ben'-e-dic'-ti-o; or, Blessing Genesis 1: An expression of feeling by way of benediction or blessing.

Bra-chy'-lo-gi-a; or, Brachyology A special form of Ellipsis Genesis Cat-a'-bas-is; or, Gradual Descent Philippians 2: The opposite of Anabasis. Used to emphasise humiliation, sorrow, etc. Cat'-a-chres-is; or, Incongruity One word used for another, contrary to the ordinary usage and meaning of it. Of two words, where the meanings are remotely akin Leviticus Of two words, where the meanings are different Exodus 5: Of one word, where the Greek receives its real meaning by permutation from another language Genesis 1: Cat'-a-ploc'-e; or, Sudden Exclamation Ezekiel This name is given to a parenthesis when it takes the form of a sudden exclamation.

Chleu-as'-mos; or, Mocking Psalm 2: An expression of feeling by mocking and jeering. Chron'-o-graph'-i-a; or, Description of Time John The teaching of something important by mentioning the time of an occurrence. Climax; or, Gradation 2Peter 1: Anadiplosis repeated in successive sentences see "Anadiplosis", above. Coe'-no-tes; or, Combined Repetition Psalm 1 The repetition of two different phrases, one at the beginning, and the other at the end of successive paragraphs. This term is applied to repetition of a subject or subjects, which reappear in varying order, thus determing the "Structure" of any portion of the Sacred Text.

This Correspondence is found in the folowing forms: Where the subjects of the alternate members correspond with each other, either by way of similarity or contrast. Where there are two series, but each consisting of several members Psalm Where there are more than two series of subjects, either consisting of two members each Psalm Where the first subject of the one series of members corresponds with the last subject of the second Genesis Where both Alternation and Introversion are combined together in various ways Exodus Cy-clo-id' -es; or, Circular Repetition Psalm The repetition of the same phrase at regular intervals.

De'-i-sis; or, Adjuration Deuteronomy 4: An expression of feeling by oath or asseveration. Dep-re-ca'-ti-o; or, Deprecation Exodus An expression of feeling by the way of deprecation. Di'-a-log-is-mos; or, Dialogue Isaiah When one or more persons are represented as speaking about a thing, instead of saying it oneself. Di'-a-syrm-os; or, Raillery Matthew Tearing away disguise, and showing up a matter as it really is. Di -ex'- od -os; or, Expansion Jude 12, A lengthening out by copious exposition of facts. Ec'-pho-ne'-sis; or, Exclamation Romans 7: An outburst of words, prompted by emotion.

The expression of thought in a form that naturally conveys its opposite. Where the speaker is Divine Genesis 3: Where the speaker is a human being Job By way of trying or testing Genesis Where the words are used by man in dissimulation Genesis Where words are clearly false as well as hypocritical Genesis 3: E-jac'-u-la'-ti-o; or, Ejaculation Hosea 9: A parenthesis which consists of a short wish or prayer.

El-eu'-ther-i'-a; or, Candour Luke The speaker, without intending offence, speaks with perfect freedom and boldness. El-lips'-is; or, Omission When a gap is purposely left in a sentence through the omissiion of some word or words. Where the omitted word or words are to be supplied from the nature of the subject. Noun and Pronouns Genesis Verbs and participles Genesis Certain connected words in the same member of a passage Genesis A whole clause in a connected passage Genesis Where the omitted word is to be supplied from a cognate word in the context Psalm Where the omitted word is to be supplied from a related or contrary word Genesis Where the omitted word is to be supplied from analogous or related words Genesis Where the omitted word is contained in another word, the one word comprising the two significations Genesis Simple; where the Ellipsis is to be supplied from a preceding or a succeding clause Genesis 1: Complex; where the two clauses are mutually involed, and the Ellipsis in the former clause is to be supplied from the latter; and, at the same time, an Ellipsis in the latter clause it be supplied from the former Hebrews E-nan-ti-o'-sis; or, Contraries Luke 7: Affirmatation or negation by contraries.

En'-thy-me-ma; or, Omission of Premiss Matthew Where the conclusion is stated, and one or both of the premisses are omitted. Ep-i-dip'-lo -sis; or, Double Encircling Psalm Repeated Epanadiplosis see below. Ep'-an-a-di-plo'-sis; or, Encircling Genesis 9: The repetition of the same word or words at the beginning and end of a sentence. Ep'-an-a-leps'is; or, Resumption lCorinthians The repetition of the same word after a break or parenthesis. Ep-an'-od-os; or, Inversion Genesis The repetition of the same word or words in an inverse order, the sense being unchanged.

Ep'-an-or-tho-sis; or, Correction John A recalling of what has been said in order to substitute something stronger in its place. Ep-i'-bo-le; or, Overlaid Repetition Psalm The repetition of the same phrase at irregular intervals. Ep'-i-cri'-sis; or, Judgement John A short sentence added at the end by way of an additional conclusion. Ep'-i-mo-ne; or, Lingering John Repetition in order to dwell upon, for the sake of impressing.

Ep'-i-pho-ne'-ma; or, Exclamation Psalm An exclamation at the conclusion of a sentence. Ep-i'-pho-za; or, Epistrophe in Argument 2Corinthians 1 1: The repetition of the same word or words at the end of successive sentences used in argument. Ep-i-stro-phe; or, Like Sentence-Endings Genesis The repetition of the same word or words at the end of successive sentences.

Ep-i'-ta-sis; or, Amplification Exodus 3: Where a concluding sentence is added by way of increasing the emphasis. Ep'-i-ther-a-pei'-a; or, Qualification Philippians 4: A sentence added at the end to heal, soften, mitigate, or modify what has been before said. Ep-i'-the-ton; or, Epithet Genesis The naming of a thing by describing it. Ep'-i-ti-me'-sis; or, Reprimand Luke An expression of feeling by way of censure, reproof, or reproach.

Ep'i-tre-chon; or, Running Along Genesis A sentence, not complete in itself, thrown in as an explanatory remark. A form of Parenthesis see below. Ep'-i-troch-as'-mos; or Summarising Hebrews 1 1: A running lightly over by way of summary. Ep-i'-trop-e; or, Admission Ecclesiastes 1 1: Admission of wrong, in order to gain what is right. Ep'-i-zeux'-is; or, Duplication Genesis The repetition of the same word in the same sense. Er'-o-te-sis; or, Interrogating Genesis The asking of questions, not for information, or for an answer.

Such questions may be asked 1 in positive affirmation, 2 in negative affirmation, 3 in afffirmative negation, 4 in demonstration, 5 in wonder and admiration, 6 in rapture, 7 in wishes, 8 in refusals and denials, 9 in doubts, 10 in admonition, 1 1 , in expostulation, 12 in prohibition or dissuasion, 13 in pity and commiseration, 14 in disparagement, 15 in reproaches, 16 in lamentation, 17 in indignation, 18 in absurdities and impossibilities, 19 double questions.

Eth'-o-poe'-i-a; or, Description of Manners Isaiah 3: A description of a person's peculiarities as to manners, caprices, habits, etc.. Eu'-che; or, Prayer Isaih An expression of feeling by way of prayer, curse, or imprecation. Eu'-phem-is'-mos; or, Euphemy Genesis Where a pleasing expression is used for one that is unpleasant. Exemplum ; or, Example Luke Concluding a sentence by employing an example. Ex-er-gas'-i-a; or Working Out Zechariah 6: A repetition so as to work out or illustrate what has already been said. Ex'-ou-then-is'-mos; or, Contempt 2Samuel 6: An expression of feeling by way of contempt.

Gno'-me; or, Quotation The citation of a well-known saying without quoting the author's name. Where the sense originally intended is preserved, though the words may vary Matthew He didn't hate Esau in the sense of cursing him or striking out against him. Indeed, Esau was a blessed man Genesis Yet when God chose Jacob, He left Esau unchosen in regard to receiving the blessing given to Abraham. In his commentary on Romans where Paul quotes this Malachi passage in Romans 9: Yet he agrees with Calvin's idea that the real thought here is much more like "accepted" and "rejected" more than it is like our understanding of the terms "loved" and "hated.

Remember the reason why election is brought up here: Spurgeon, 'I cannot understand why God should say that He hated Esau. My trouble is to understand how God could love Jacob. Malachi isn't teaching double predestination. Our greatest error in considering God's election is to think that God chooses for arbitrary reasons, as if He made choices in an "eeny-meeny-miny-moe" way of choosing. We may not understand God's reasons for choosing and they may be reasons He alone knows and answers to, but God's choices are not capricious. They make perfect sense knowing everything God knows and seeing everything God sees.

Some consider God's election as conditional , in the sense that it is based upon foreknowledge.

David Guzik :: Study Guide for Malachi 1

Others consider God's election unconditional , based on God's sovereign choice. Here, it seems that the election of Jacob was unconditional. Though God knew what sort of men Jacob and Esau would become His election was not based on that. One might say, "I don't believe in Jesus; therefore I must not be chosen. And laid waste his mountains and his heritage for the jackals of the wilderness: The idea of God's preference for Jacob over Esau also extended to their descendents.

The nation descended from Jacob Israel was conquered by the Babylonian Empire, and so was the nation descended from Esau Edom. Yet God restored Israel from exile and at this point Edom had not been restored. God chose to show more favor to Jacob and his descendants. They may build, but I will throw down: God promises that Edom will be permanently ruined, and that their status as "unchosen" won't change. As a reflection of God's steadfast commitment to Israel, this is a comfort to God's people - once He chose Israel they stay chosen, and God will not forsake them and choose another.

How have we despised the LORD?


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How have we defiled His ministry? If then I am the Father, where is My honor? And if I am a Master, where is My reverence? Yet you say, 'In what way have we despised Your name? But say, 'In what way have we defiled You? And when you offer the lame and sick, is it not evil? Offer it then to your governor! Would he be pleased with you? Would he accept you favorably? Where is My honor? Through Malachi, God asks the priests of Israel why they show so little respect and honor to Him in their sacrifices. To you priests who despise My name: The priests of Israel presided over the sacrifices and it was their duty to uphold the honor and dignity of the sacrifices.

Yet they offered defiled food to God, and offered animals that were blind , lame , or sick. Passages such as Leviticus In what way have we despised Your name? The priests weren't even aware that they despised God with their actions. This means that it came by degrees; they probably did not know the extent of their offense, simply carrying on "business as usual. In ministry, it is easier than many people think to blindly continue in sin or mechanical indifference. God wanted Israel's priests to think about their service to Him, and He wants today's ministers to think just as carefully.

Richard Baxter, a great Puritan writer, carefully considered the walk of the minister: They do not give themselves up wholly to the blessed work they have undertaken to do. Is it not true that flesh-pleasing and self-seeking interests - distinct from that of Christ - make us neglect our duty and lead us to walk unfaithfully in the great trust that God has given us? Is it not true that we serve God too cheaply? Do we not do so in the most applauded way? Do we not withdraw ourselves from that which would cost us the most suffering?

Does not all this show that we seek earthly rather than heavenly things? And that we mind the things which are below? While we preach for the realities which are above, do we not idolize the world? So what remains to be said, brethren, but to cry that we are all guilty of too many of the aforementioned sins. Do we not need to humble ourselves in lamentation for our miscarriages before the Lord?


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You offer defiled food on My altar: The altar was the place of sacrifice, and it belonged to God. Yet the priests of Malachi's day disgraced God and His altar by offering defiled food to Him. Ministers today must never present defiled food to God in their ministry. Pastor, your sermon is filled with funny jokes, clever anecdotes, and emotional stores but it lacks God's word. You throw in a few Scriptures here and there to illustrate or back up your stories, but your sermon is really all about you. It isn't about Jesus, it isn't about His Word.

Pastor, you are setting defiled food on God's altar. Pastor, your sermon is sloppy - you don't do your work in the study, and you shoot from the hip. Worse yet, you don't labor in prayer and meditation over God's word and seek His message for the people. You don't hold fast the pattern of sound words. You don't rightly divide the word of truth. Pastor, your sermon is cold - God forbid you should show some concern or passion in the pulpit. Your passion is reserved for other things - like football or golf.

You can pontificate or argue with the best of them, but your messages have no deep passion for God or your people. You punch the clock and put in the time, but your heart for Jesus is cold. The table of the LORD is contemptible: The priests weren't grateful for their ministry, for their work before the LORD. They whined about what the people gave and the trouble of being a priest. The priests and the people tried to give to God things that the government wouldn't accept as taxes.

King David had a completely different heart, saying nor will I offer burnt offerings to the Lord my God with that which costs me nothing 2 Samuel While this is being done by your hands, will He accept you favorably? Who is there even among you who would shut the doors, so that you would not kindle fire on My altar in vain?

For from the rising of the sun, even to its going down, My name shall be great among the Gentiles; in every place incense shall be offered to My name, and a pure offering; for My name shall be great among the nations," says the LORD of hosts. Entreat God's favor, that He may be gracious to us: This phrase is rich with irony. Moffatt's paraphrase gives the sense: Try to pacify God and win his favour? How can he favour any one of you, says the Lord of hosts, when you offer him such sacrifices? Who would shut the doors: God thought it was better to shut the doors rather than to continue worthless worship.

Not everything that is offered to God as worship is accepted by God as worship. Sometimes He would prefer that it just stop and simply says, " I have no pleasure in you. We are concerned with church growth, evangelism, and planting churches. Yet in some cases the best thing we could do for the cause of the LORD is to shut the doors on many churches. My name shall be great among the Gentiles: Yet, God will not go without worship. If the priests and people among the Jews will not worship Him in Spirit and in truth, God will find worshippers among the Gentiles.

In every place incense shall be offered to My name: This is a glorious promise that the true worship of God will extend all over the earth. Jesus' command to spread the Gospel and to go to every nation is part of God's way of fulfilling this promise. Rather is he proclaiming that the nations will come to know the God revealed in the Scriptures. Should I accept this from your hand?

The Companion Bible - The Book of Malachi The Companion Bible - The Book of Malachi
The Companion Bible - The Book of Malachi The Companion Bible - The Book of Malachi
The Companion Bible - The Book of Malachi The Companion Bible - The Book of Malachi
The Companion Bible - The Book of Malachi The Companion Bible - The Book of Malachi
The Companion Bible - The Book of Malachi The Companion Bible - The Book of Malachi
The Companion Bible - The Book of Malachi The Companion Bible - The Book of Malachi
The Companion Bible - The Book of Malachi The Companion Bible - The Book of Malachi
The Companion Bible - The Book of Malachi The Companion Bible - The Book of Malachi

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